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Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification
TLDR
As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided.
Historical Overfishing and the Recent Collapse of Coastal Ecosystems
Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including pollution, degradation of water quality, and anthropogenic climate change.
A Global Map of Human Impact on Marine Ecosystems
TLDR
An ecosystem-specific, multiscale spatial model is developed to synthesize 17 global data sets of anthropogenic drivers of ecological change for 20 marine ecosystems and indicates that no area is unaffected by human influence and that a large fraction is strongly affected by multiple drivers.
Kelp forest ecosystems: biodiversity, stability, resilience and future
TLDR
The conditions in which kelp forests develop globally and where, why and at what rate they become deforested are reviewed and overfishing appears to be the greatest manageable threat to kelp forest ecosystems over the 2025 time horizon.
A functional group approach to the structure of algal-dominated communities
We suggest that relatively few species attributes are of overriding importance to the structure of benthic marine algal communities and that these are often shared among taxonomically distant
Rising to the challenge of sustaining coral reef resilience.
Critical science gaps impede use of no-take fishery reserves.
Larval retention and connectivity among populations of corals and reef fishes: history, advances and challenges
TLDR
A recent dramatic increase in research effort and a growing diversity of approaches to the study of larval retention within (self-recruitment) and dispersal among (connectivity) isolated coral reef populations are highlighted.
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