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The PHQ-9: validity of a brief depression severity measure.
OBJECTIVE While considerable attention has focused on improving the detection of depression, assessment of severity is also important in guiding treatment decisions. Therefore, we examined the… Expand
A brief measure for assessing generalized anxiety disorder: the GAD-7.
- R. Spitzer, K. Kroenke, J. Williams, B. Löwe
- Medicine, Psychology
- Archives of internal medicine
- 22 May 2006
BACKGROUND Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most common mental disorders; however, there is no brief clinical measure for assessing GAD. The objective of this study was to develop a… Expand
Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis II personality disorders : SCID-II
The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders (SCID-II) is an efficient, user-friendly instrument that will help researchers and clinicians make standardized, reliable,… Expand
Validation and utility of a self-report version of PRIME-MD: the PHQ primary care study. Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders. Patient Health Questionnaire.
CONTEXT The Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) was developed as a screening instrument but its administration time has limited its clinical usefulness. OBJECTIVE To determine if… Expand
The global assessment scale. A procedure for measuring overall severity of psychiatric disturbance.
- J. Endicott, R. Spitzer, J. Fleiss, J. Cohen
- Psychology, Medicine
- Archives of general psychiatry
- 1 June 1976
The Global Assessment Scale (GAS) is a rating scale for evaluating the overall functioning of a subject during a specified time period on a continuum from psychological or psychiatric sickness to… Expand
The PHQ-9: A new depression diagnostic and severity measure
and treatable mental disorders presenting in general medical as well as specialty settings. There are a number of case-finding instruments for detecting depression in primary care, ranging from 2 to… Expand
Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders : SCID-I : clinical version : scoresheet
This efficient, user-friendly instrument will help clinicians make standardized, reliable, and accurate diagnoses and avoid the common problem of "premature closure" -- the premature focus on one… Expand
Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Research version (SCID-I RV)
AbstractOBJECTIVE: While considerable attention has focused on improving the detection of depression, assessment of severity is also important in guiding treatment decisions. Therefore, we examined… Expand
The PHQ-8 as a measure of current depression in the general population.
- K. Kroenke, T. Strine, R. Spitzer, J. Williams, Joyce T. Berry, A. Mokdad
- Psychology, Medicine
- Journal of affective disorders
- 1 April 2009
BACKGROUND The eight-item Patient Health Questionnaire depression scale (PHQ-8) is established as a valid diagnostic and severity measure for depressive disorders in large clinical studies. Our… Expand