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Signaling, solidarity, and the sacred: The evolution of religious behavior
These literatures are reviewed and both the proximate mechanisms and ultimate evolutionary processes essential for developing a comprehensive evolutionary explanation of religion are examined.
Scars for war: evaluating alternative signaling explanations for cross-cultural variance in ritual costs
Does Religion Promote Trust? The Role of Signaling, Reputation, and Punishment
- R. Sosis
Scholars of religion, including such luminaries as Durkheim, Rappaport, Turner, and Weber, have widely assumed that religion promotes intragroup trust among adherents. Recent applications of…
Why aren’t we all hutterites?
- R. Sosis
- PsychologyHuman nature
- 1 June 2003
This paper proposes a proximate explanation for how individuals are able to pay the short-term costs of ritual performance to achieve the long-term fitness benefits offered by religious groups and addresses three significant problems raised by Irons’s theory.
Cooperation and Commune Longevity: A Test of the Costly Signaling Theory of Religion
The costly signaling theory of religion posits that religious rituals and taboos can promote intragroup cooperation, which is argued to be the primary adaptive benefit of religion. To test this…
Human preferences for sexually dimorphic faces may be evolutionarily novel
- Isabel M. L. Scott, Andrew P Clark, I. Penton-Voak
- PsychologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 22 September 2014
Data on cross-cultural perceptions of facial masculinity and femininity are presented and it is found that in less developed environments, typical “Western” perceptions are attenuated or even reversed, suggesting that Western perceptions may be relatively novel.
Religious Ritual and Cooperation: Testing for a Relationship on Israeli Religious and Secular Kibbutzim1
Anthropologists have long noted that one of the primary functions of religion is to promote group solidarity, and most have recognized ritual as the mechanism through which this solidarity is…
Ritual, emotion, and sacred symbols
It is argued that the brain plasticity of human adolescence constitutes an “experience expectant” developmental period for ritual conditioning of sacred symbols and it is suggested that such symbols evolved to solve an ecological problem by extending communication and coordination of social relations across time and space.
Does It Pay To Pray? Costly Ritual and Cooperation
Abstract Time-consuming and costly religious rituals pose a puzzle for economists committed to rational choice theories of human behavior. We propose that either through selection or a causal…