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Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
phy-sicians should be better able to identify at-risk pregnancies and alcohol-affectedindividuals and address Fetalalal-cohol exposure in the clinical setting.
A revised conservative estimate of the incidence of FAS and its economic impact.
  • E. Abel, R. Sokol
  • Medicine
    Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research
  • 1 June 1991
A new analysis of the incidence of fetal alcohol syndrome and its economic impact based on prospectively gathered data of consecutive pregnancies puts the overall rate in the western world at 0.33 cases per 1000 and estimates the incremented annual cost of treating this disorder at $74.6 million.
Incidence of fetal alcohol syndrome and economic impact of FAS-related anomalies.
FAS-related mental retardation alone may account for as much as 11% of the annual cost for all mentally retarded institutionalized residents in the United States, which is about 100 times federal funding for FAS research necessary to develop cost-effective early identification and prevention strategies.
The T-ACE questions: practical prenatal detection of risk-drinking.
The T-ACE questions represent the first validated sensitive screen for risk-drinking appropriate for routine use in obstetric-gynecologic practice and might contribute to better risk identification, secondary prevention efforts, and improved pregnancy outcomes for offspring at risk from heavy prenatal alcohol exposure.
Prenatal alcohol exposure and childhood behavior at age 6 to 7 years: I. dose-response effect.
Increasing prenatal alcohol exposure was associated with lower birth weight and gestational age, higher lead levels, higher maternal age, and lower education level, prenatal exposure to cocaine and smoking, custody changes, lower socioeconomic status, and paternal drinking and drug use.
Screening for pregnancy risk-drinking.
The utility of brief questionnaires that assess alcohol intake indirectly by asking women about their tolerance to alcohol's effects, psychological consequences of drinking, and significant others' concern about their drinking is confirmed and preliminary data indicating that TWEAK may outperform T-ACE is provided.
Blood lead levels and specific attention effects in young children.
A significant negative impact of blood lead levels on attention, but not impulsivity, in early elementary age children is documents, further delineating the specific aspects of attention related to blood lead concentrations.
Validity of maternal report of prenatal alcohol, cocaine, and smoking in relation to neurobehavioral outcome.
It is suggested that antenatal alcohol interviews provide the most valid information and the importance of assessing prenatal alcohol use during pregnancy to minimize the risk of failing to detect neurobehavioral deficits.
Detecting risk drinking during pregnancy: a comparison of four screening questionnaires.
Embedded versions of TWEAK and T-ACE were both highly sensitive to periconceptional risk drinking in this population of African-American obstetric patients, suggesting that MAST and CAGE administration improves its performance.