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CONTEXT Epidural anesthesia provides the advantage of segmental blockade and many adjuvants have been added to shorten the onset of action, improve the quality of analgesia and prolong the duration(More)
Background The use of neuraxial anesthesia has dramatically increased. Acute postoperative pain is an undesirable outcome that can delay functional recovery for patients undergoing surgery. Nausea(More)
Background and Aims A decreased lumbosacral subarachnoid space volume is a major factor in cephalad intrathecal spread of local anesthetic in term parturients due to compressive effect of the gravid(More)