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Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years.
TLDR
The rapid increase in the prevalence and disease burden of elevated BMI highlights the need for continued focus on surveillance of BMI and identification, implementation, and evaluation of evidence‐based interventions to address this problem. Expand
Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
TLDR
Ageing of the world's population is increasing the number of people living with sequelae of diseases and injuries, and a summary indicator that combines measures of income per capita, educational attainment, and fertility (the Socio-demographic Index) is created and used to compare observed patterns of health loss to the expected pattern for countries or locations with similar SDI scores. Expand
Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global
TLDR
The comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 was used to estimate attributable deaths, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and trends in exposure by age group, sex, year, and geography for 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational risks or clusters of risks from 1990 to 2015. Expand
Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
TLDR
The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015, finding several countries in sub-Saharan Africa had very large gains in life expectancy, rebounding from an era of exceedingly high loss of life due to HIV/AIDS. Expand
Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global
TLDR
All-cause age-standardised YLD rates decreased by 3·9% from 1990 to 2017; however, the all-age YLD rate increased by 7·2% while the total sum of global YLDs increased from 562 million (421–723) to 853 million (642–1100). Expand
Global Burden of Hypertension and Systolic Blood Pressure of at Least 110 to 115 mm Hg, 1990-2015
TLDR
In international surveys, although there is uncertainty in some estimates, the rate of elevatedSBP (≥110-115 and ≥140 mm Hg) increased substantially between 1990 and 2015, and DALYs and deaths associated with elevated SBP also increased. Expand
Global, regional, and national age-sex specific mortality for 264 causes of death, 1980–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016
TLDR
The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016, and evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends is evaluated. Expand
Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global
TLDR
The comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of GBD was used to estimate levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years for 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks from 1990 to 2016. Expand
Global, Regional, and National Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases for 10 Causes, 1990 to 2015
TLDR
The GBD (Global Burden of Disease) 2015 study integrated data on disease incidence, prevalence, and mortality to produce consistent, up-to-date estimates for cardiovascular burden, finding that CVDs remain a major cause of health loss for all regions of the world. Expand
Mandibular Ramus: An Indicator for Sex in Fragmentary Mandible *
Abstract:  Mandible is the hardest and most durable bone of the skull exhibiting a high degree of sexual dimorphism. Especially ramus of mandible is subjected to greater stress than any other bone ofExpand
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