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Robin sequence: a retrospective review of 115 patients.
TLDR
The pathogenesis of Robin sequence is multifactorial and syndromic in nearly half of the patients, and co-morbid factors such as baseline cardiopulmonary and neurologic status did not play a significant role in surgical decision making.
The presentation and management of nasal dermoid: a 30-year experience.
TLDR
Nasal dermoid is a rare congenital anomaly and preoperative evaluation is essential to rule out intracranial extension, and surgical strategy depends on the location and extent of the lesion, ranging from local excision to a combined intrac Craniofacial-extracranial approach.
Nasal Glioma and Encephalocele: Diagnosis and Management
TLDR
The biology of nasal glioma and encephalocele is reviewed and an algorithm for preoperative evaluation and surgical management is presented to present.
Management of orbital subperiosteal abscess in children.
TLDR
Assessment of the efficacy and safety of transnasal endoscopic drainage of an orbital subperiosteal abscess in children and of the route of surgical drainage found that the external approach was associated with a longer hospital stay than either the endoscopic or the intravenous antibiotic approach.
Lymphatic and other vascular malformative/overgrowth disorders are caused by somatic mutations in PIK3CA.
TLDR
Most individuals from Boston Children's Hospital who had isolated LM or LM as part of a syndrome were somatic mosaic for PIK3CA mutations, with 5 specific PIK 3CA mutations accounting for ∼ 80% of cases.
The presentation and management of laryngeal cleft: a 10-year experience.
TLDR
Early diagnosis and proper repair of laryngeal cleft are essential to prevent pulmonary damage and associated morbidity and the surgical approach should be individualized based on the symptoms, other associated findings on airway endoscopy, and type of cleft.
Robotic surgery in the pediatric airway: application and safety.
TLDR
It is believed that further advances in device technology and a new generation of robotic equipment will facilitate the incorporation of surgical robotics in the advancement of minimally invasive endoscopic airway surgery.
Mitomycin: Effects on Laryngeal and Tracheal Stenosis, Benefits, and Complications
TLDR
Topical application of mitomycin-C was used as an adjuvant treatment in the endoscopic laser management of laryngeal and tracheal stenosis in 15 patients and 14 patients showed improvement of their airway and resolution of their preoperative symptoms.
Combinatorial Control of Prion Protein Biogenesis by the Signal Sequence and Transmembrane Domain*
TLDR
The results reveal that PrP topogenesis is controlled at two discrete steps during its translocation and provide a framework for understanding how these steps act coordinately to determine the final topology achieved by PrP.
Mitomycin C for the Prevention of Adhesion Formation after Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: A Randomized, Controlled Study
TLDR
MMC was found to be safe to use during sinus surgery, and it may reduce the incidence of postoperative adhesions at the dosage used in this study, and further trials using higher concentrations and application times are warranted.
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