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Historical Overfishing and the Recent Collapse of Coastal Ecosystems
Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including pollution, degradation of water quality, and anthropogenic climate change.Expand
Biological Effects Within No-Take Marine Reserves: A global Synthesis
TLDR
It is suggested that reserve characteristics and context play key roles in determining the direction and magnitude of the reserve response, validating the potential for well designed and enforced reserves to serve as globally important conservation and management tools. Expand
Global Trajectories of the Long-Term Decline of Coral Reef Ecosystems
TLDR
Records are compiled, extending back thousands of years, of the status and trends of seven major guilds of carnivores, herbivores, and architectural species from 14 regions that indicate reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales. Expand
Larval retention and recruitment in an island population of a coral-reef fish
TLDR
It is shown that recruitment to an island population of a widely distributed coral-reef fish may often result from local retention on leeward reefs, which has implications for fisheries management and marine reserve design. Expand
Environmental Variability Promotes Coexistence in Lottery Competitive Systems
TLDR
The analysis confirms the view that coexistence can occur in a system where space is allocated largely at random, provided environmental variability is sufficiently great (Sale 1977); but the explanations and predictions differ in detail with those of Sale. Expand
Marine reserves have rapid and lasting effects
Marine reserves are becoming a popular tool for marine conservation and resource management worldwide. In the past, reserves have been created with little understanding of how they actually affectExpand
Applying ecological criteria to marine reserve design: A case study from the california channel islands
Using ecological criteria as a theoretical framework, we describe the steps involved in designing a network of marine reserves for conservation and fisheries man- agement. Although we describe theExpand
Diversity and flexibility of sex-change strategies in animals.
TLDR
It is shown that sex-changing animals use a greater diversity of strategies to increase their reproductive success than was previously recognized: some individuals change sex early, others change sex late, some individualschange sex more than once, and others do not change sex at all. Expand
TRAJECTORIES AND CORRELATES OF COMMUNITY CHANGE IN NO-TAKE MARINE RESERVES
Marine reserves are a spatial approach to marine management and conservation aimed at protecting and restoring multispecies assemblages and the structure and function of marine ecosystems. We usedExpand
ECOLOGICAL CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING CANDIDATE SITES FOR MARINE RESERVES
Several schemes have been developed to help select the locations of marine reserves. All of them combine social, economic, and biological criteria, and few offer any guidance as to how to prioritizeExpand
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