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The Substance Use Risk Profile Scale: a scale measuring traits linked to reinforcement-specific substance use profiles.
The Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS) is based on a model of personality risk for substance abuse in which four personality dimensions (hopelessness, anxiety sensitivity, impulsivity, andExpand
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Tryptophan depletion causes a rapid lowering of mood in normal males
Normal male human subjects ingested amino acid mixtures which were tryptophan-free, balanced or contained excess tryptophan. The tryptophan-free mixture causes a marked depletion of plasma tryptophanExpand
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Alcohol promotes dopamine release in the human nucleus accumbens
Microdialysis experiments in rodents indicate that ethanol promotes dopamine release predominantly in the nucleus accumbens, a phenomenon that is implicated in the reinforcing effects of drugs ofExpand
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Setting, elaborating, and reflecting on personal goals improves academic performance.
Of students who enroll in 4-year universities, 25% never finish. Precipitating causes of early departure include poor academic progress and lack of clear goals and motivation. In the present study,Expand
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Anxiety, antisocial behavior, and heart rate regulation in adolescent males.
We explored relationships between anxiety and antisocial behavior and autonomic heart rate regulation in a homogenous sample (N = 175) of 15-year-old males. Measures of anxiety and antisocialExpand
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Functional associations among trauma, PTSD, and substance-related disorders.
This review article presents several potential functional pathways which may explain the frequent co-occurrence of PTSD and substance abuse disorders in traumatized individuals. Emerging empiricalExpand
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Patterns of simultaneous polysubstance use in drug using university students
Simultaneous polysubstance use (SPU) is a common phenomenon, yet little is known about how various substances are used with one another. In the present study 149 drug‐using university studentsExpand
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Current directions in research on understanding and preventing intoxicated aggression.
The present paper describes promising research directions that emerged from a recent international conference on intoxication and aggression and from the scientific literature generally. In thisExpand
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Serotonin and alcohol intake, abuse, and dependence: Clinical evidence
A large body of literature has emerged concerning the role of the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, or 5-HT) in the regulation of alcohol intake and the development of alcoholism.Expand
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Acute alcohol intoxication and cognitive functioning.
Acute alcohol intoxication produces changes in the cognitive functioning of normal individuals. These changes appear similar prima facie to those exhibited by individuals who sustain prefrontal lobeExpand
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