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Heat release rate: The single most important variable in fire hazard☆
Abstract Heat release rate measurements are sometimes seen by manufacturers and product users as just another piece of data to gather. It is the purpose of this paper to explain why heat release rateExpand
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CFAST: Consolidated Model of Fire Growth and Smoke Transport (Version 6). User's Guide.
CFAST is a two-zone fire model capable of predicting the environment in a multi-compartment structure subjected to a fire. It calculates the time evolving distribution of smoke and gaseous combustionExpand
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A Review of Building Evacuation Models, 2nd Edition | NIST
This paper presents a review of 26 current computer evacuation models, and is an updated version of a previous review published in 2005. Expand
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A Method for the Analysis of Behavioural Uncertainty in Evacuation Modelling
Behavioural uncertainty is an additional component of uncertainty caused by the impact of the number of simulated runs of the same scenario on evacuation model predictions, here named behavioural uncertainty. Expand
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Performance of Home Smoke Alarms, Analysis of the Response of Several Available Technologies in Residential Fire Settings. | NIST
This report presents the results of the project and provides details of the response of a range of residential smoke alarm technologies in a controlled laboratory test and in a series of real-scaleExpand
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A user's guide for FAST :: engineering tools for estimating fire growth and smoke transport
FAST is a collection of fire modeling tools which uses the underlying fire model CFAST and adds the routines of FIREFORM to provide engineering calculations of fire phenomena in compartmentedExpand
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Defining flashover for fire hazard calculations
As the use of performance-based methods for evaluating the fire behavior of materials and systems becomes more widespread, objective criteria to judge fire behavior become more important. This paperExpand
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Toxic potency measurement for fire hazard analysis
SummaryThis report is the principal product of a long-term research program to provide a technically sound methodology for obtaining and using smoke toxicity data for hazard analysis. ItExpand
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Overall and local movement speeds during fire drill evacuations in buildings up to 31 stories
The time that it takes an occupant population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables such as stairwellExpand
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The Process of Verification and Validation of Building Fire Evacuation Models
To date, there is no International standard on procedures and tests to assess the verification and validation (V&V) of building fire evacuation models. Often it is the case that model testers adoptExpand
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