• Publications
  • Influence
Food Web Complexity and Species Diversity
  • R. Paine
  • Biology
    The American Naturalist
  • 1 January 1966
It is suggested that local animal species diversity is related to the number of predators in the system and their efficiency in preventing single species from monopolizing some important, limiting,
Trophic Downgrading of Planet Earth
This empirical work supports long-standing theory about the role of top-down forcing in ecosystems but also highlights the unanticipated impacts of trophic cascades on processes as diverse as the dynamics of disease, wildfire, carbon sequestration, invasive species, and biogeochemical cycles.
Challenges in the Quest for Keystones
Mary E. Power is a professor in the Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720. David Tilman is a professor in the Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior,
Biological Accommodation in the Benthic Community at McMurdo Sound, Antarctica
Data from the field surveys and the energetics studies suggest that Mycale is prevented from dominating the space resource by the predation of two asteroids.
Food webs : linkage, interaction strength and community infrastructure
It seems particularly opportune to discuss food webs and evolving views on their structure here for both their genesis and first modern treatment (Elton 1927) and much of their later development (May
Intertidal Landscapes: Disturbance and the Dynamics of Pattern
It is suggested that the reproductive season of certain long—lived, patch—dependent species is moulded by the disturbance regime, and the necessary and vital connection between disturbance which generates spatial pattern and species richness in communities open to invasion is discussed.
Intertidal community structure
  • R. Paine
  • Biology, Medicine
  • 1 June 1974
Along exposed rocky intertidal shorelines of western North America the mussel Mytilus californianus exists as a characteristic, well-defined band, and measurements at Mukkaw Bay and Tatoosh Island suggest that the upper limit to distribution is constant.
Compounded Perturbations Yield Ecological Surprises
ABSTRACT All species have evolved in the presence of disturbance, and thus are in a sense matched to the recurrence pattern of the perturbations. Consequently, disturbances within the typical range,
A Note on Trophic Complexity and Community Stability
  • R. Paine
  • Biology
    The American Naturalist
  • 1 January 1969
The most workable definition involves statements about the relative variability of population numbers in space and/or time, although limits on the extent of the spatial dimension are not usually stated, and collections of acceptable data through time are tedious to gather, and hence minimal.
Food-web analysis through field measurement of per capita interaction strength
  • R. Paine
  • Mathematics
  • 2 January 1992
THE idea that the connections between species in ecological assemblages are characterized by a trait called 'interaction strength' has become a cornerstone of modern ecology. Since the classic paper