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Compendium of physical activities: classification of energy costs of human physical activities.
TLDR
A coding scheme is presented for classifying physical activity by rate of energy expenditure, i.e., by intensity, and general use of this coding system would enhance the comparability of results across studies using self reports of physical activity. Expand
Physical fitness and all-cause mortality. A prospective study of healthy men and women.
TLDR
Higher levels of physical fitness appear to delay all-cause mortality primarily due to lowered rates of cardiovascular disease and cancer, and lower mortality rates in higher fitness categories also were seen for cardiovascular Disease and cancer of combined sites. Expand
Physical activity assessment methodology in the Five-City Project.
TLDR
New methods of quantifying the physical activity habits of communities were developed which are practical for large health surveys, provide information on the distribution of activity habits in the population, can detect changes in activity over time, and can be compared with other epidemiologic studies of physical activity. Expand
Assessment of habitual physical activity by a seven-day recall in a community survey and controlled experiments.
TLDR
The physical activity recall provides useful estimates of habitual physical activity for research in epidemiologic and health education studies, and changes in energy expenditure were associated with changes in maximal oxygen uptake and body fatness. Expand
Physical activity, all-cause mortality, and longevity of college alumni.
TLDR
With or without consideration of hypertension, cigarette smoking, extremes or gains in body weight, or early parental death, alumni mortality rates were significantly lower among the physically active than among less active men. Expand
Physical activity as an index of heart attack risk in college alumni.
TLDR
Ex-varsity athletes retained lower risk only if they maintained a high physical activity index as alumni, and peak exertion as strenuous sports play enhanced the effect of total energy expenditure. Expand
The association of changes in physical-activity level and other lifestyle characteristics with mortality among men.
TLDR
Starting moderately vigorous sports activity, quitting cigarette smoking, maintaining normal blood pressure, and avoiding obesity were separately associated with lower rates of death from all causes and from coronary heart disease among middle-aged and older men. Expand
Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness and other precursors on cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men and women.
TLDR
The protective effect of fitness held for smokers and nonsmokers, those with and without elevated cholesterol levels or elevated blood pressure, and unhealthy and healthy persons. Expand
Physical activity and reduced occurrence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
TLDR
The protective effect of physical activity was strongest in persons at highest risk for NIDDM, defined as those with a high body-mass index, a history of hypertension, or a parental history of diabetes. Expand
Changes in physical fitness and all-cause mortality. A prospective study of healthy and unhealthy men.
TLDR
Men who maintained or improved adequate physical fitness were less likely to die from all causes and from cardiovascular disease during follow-up than persistently unfit men. Expand
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