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The geography of thought : how Asians and Westerners think differently--and why
- R. Nisbett
When Richard Nisbett showed an animated underwater scene to his American students, they zeroed in on a big fish swimming among smaller fish. Japanese subjects, on the other hand, made observations… Expand
Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes.
Evidence is reviewed which suggests that there may be little or no direct introspective access to higher order cognitive processes. Subjects are sometimes (a) unaware of the existence of a stimulus… Expand
Culture and systems of thought: holistic versus analytic cognition.
The authors find East Asians to be holistic, attending to the entire field and assigning causality to it, making relatively little use of categories and formal logic, and relying on "dialectical"… Expand
Human Inference: Strategies and Shortcomings of Social Judgment.
Culture, dialectics, and reasoning about contradiction.
Chinese ways of dealing with seeming contradictions result in a dialectical or compromise approach—retaining basic elements of opposing perspectives by seeking a "middle way." On the other hand,… Expand
The actor and the observer: Divergent perceptions of the causes of behavior.
Culture and Cognition
We review evidence for the mutual interdependence of cultural and cognitive processes. Some cognitive content, assumed by many psychologists to be infinitely variable, appears to be universal,… Expand
Induction: Processes of Inference, Learning, and Discovery
Induction is the first major effort to bring the ideas of several disciplines to bear on a subject that has been a topic of investigation since the time of Socrates and is included in the Computational Models of Cognition and Perception Series. Expand
Attending holistically versus analytically: comparing the context sensitivity of Japanese and Americans.
- T. Masuda, R. Nisbett
- Psychology, Medicine
- Journal of personality and social psychology
- 1 November 2001
The results showed that the Japanese made more statements about contextual information and relationships than Americans did and recognized previously seen objects more accurately when they saw them in their original settings rather than in the novel settings, whereas this manipulation had relatively little effect on Americans. Expand