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Civic Education: What Makes Students Learn
This study takes a look at what America's high school seniors know about government and politics and how they learn it. The authors develop a theoretical model to explain the cognitive process by
Measuring Internal Political Efficacy in the 1988 National Election Study.
Political efficacy has been studied extensively since the 1950s, hut analysts have never been fully satisfied with its measurement. After considerable testing, four new questions tapping internal
Political efficacy and trust: A report on the NES pilot study items
Political efficacy and trust—among the most frequently used survey measures of general political attitudes—are often maligned for their lack of reliability and validity. This paper reports results
The Transmission of Political Values from Parent to Child
In understanding the political development of the pre-adult one of the central questions hinges on the relative and differentiated contributions of various socializing agents. The question
Measuring Compactness and the Role of a Compactness Standard in a Test for Partisan and Racial Gerrymandering
As we move into the 1990s, compactness of legislative districts is likely to take on greater importance because of its relevance to questions of racial and partisan discrimination. We show that at
Elite Economic Forecasts, Economic News, Mass Economic Judgments, and Presidential Approval
MacKuen, Erikson, and Stimson (1996) argue for a "banker" model of the electorate in which the expectations of economic experts flow through the news media to the mass public, then influencing
We use a small but nationally representative sample to investigate the sources of innumeracy regarding the proportion of blacks Hispanics and Jews in the U.S. population. In addition to a number of
The Effects of Term Limits on State Legislatures: A New Survey of the 50 States
Term limits on legislators were adopted in 21 states during the early 1990s. Beginning in 1996, the limits legally barred incumbents from reelection in 11 states, and they will do so in four more by
Incumbency and the Probability of Reelection in State Legislative Elections
We build on work estimating and explaining the incumbency advantage in state legislative elections. Our work makes advances in three ways. First, our model measures the effect of incumbency on the