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Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices
A doubling in global food demand projected for the next 50 years poses huge challenges for the sustainability both of food production and of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and the services theyExpand
Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies
Global production of farmed fish and shellfish has more than doubled in the past 15 years. Many people believe that such growth relieves pressure on ocean fisheries, but the opposite is true for someExpand
Prioritizing Climate Change Adaptation Needs for Food Security in 2030
Investments aimed at improving agricultural adaptation to climate change inevitably favor some crops and regions over others. An analysis of climate risks for crops in 12 food-insecure regions wasExpand
Consequences of changing biodiversity
Human alteration of the global environment has triggered the sixth major extinction event in the history of life and caused widespread changes in the global distribution of organisms. These changesExpand
Feeding aquaculture in an era of finite resources
  • R. Naylor, R. Hardy, +8 authors P. Nichols
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 8 September 2009
Aquaculture's pressure on forage fisheries remains hotly contested. This article reviews trends in fishmeal and fish oil use in industrial aquafeeds, showing reduced inclusion rates but greater totalExpand
Historical Warnings of Future Food Insecurity with Unprecedented Seasonal Heat
Higher growing season temperatures can have dramatic impacts on agricultural productivity, farm incomes, and food security. We used observational data and output from 23 global climate models to showExpand
Nutrient Imbalances in Agricultural Development
Nutrient additions to intensive agricultural systems range from inadequate to excessive—and both extremes have substantial human and environmental costs. Nutrient cycles link agricultural systems toExpand
Framing Sustainability in a Telecoupled World
Interactions between distant places are increasingly widespread and influential, often leading to unexpected outcomes with profound implications for sustainability. Numerous sustainability studiesExpand
Illustrating the coupled human–environment system for vulnerability analysis: Three case studies
  • B. Turner, P. Matson, +15 authors N. Tyler
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 18 June 2003
The vulnerability framework of the Research and Assessment Systems for Sustainability Program explicitly recognizes the coupled human–environment system and accounts for interactions in the coupling affecting the system's responses to hazards and its vulnerability. Expand
Ecosystem stewardship: sustainability strategies for a rapidly changing planet.
Ecosystem stewardship is an action-oriented framework intended to foster the social-ecological sustainability of a rapidly changing planet. Recent developments identify three strategies that makeExpand