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Effects of lorazepam on short latency afferent inhibition and short latency intracortical inhibition in humans
TLDR
It is demonstrated that GABAA activity enhancement determines a suppression of SAI and an increase of SICI, the short interval intracortical inhibition of the cholinergic circuits of the human brain. Expand
Functional brain reorganization after spinal cord injury: Systematic review of animal and human studies
TLDR
This review will focus on delineating the pathophysiological mechanisms of the brain plasticity changes following SCI, based on the existing neuroimaging and neurophysiological evidence in experimental models and humans. Expand
Evidence-based guidelines on the therapeutic use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS): An update (2014–2018)
TLDR
These updated recommendations take into account all rTMS publications, including data prior to 2014, as well as currently reviewed literature until the end of 2018, and are based on the differences reached in therapeutic efficacy of real vs. sham rT MS protocols. Expand
Abnormal short latency afferent inhibition in early Alzheimer’s disease: a transcranial magnetic demonstration
The pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) appears to involve several different mechanisms, the most consistent of which is an impairment of cholinergic neurotransmission; however, there isExpand
Modulation of motor cortex excitability by different levels of whole-hand afferent electrical stimulation
TLDR
The study provides further evidence that stimulation intensity and frequency can independently modulate motor cortical plasticity and potentially important implications for the neurorehabilitation of patients after brain damage. Expand
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)/repetitive TMS in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease
TLDR
An updated and comprehensive systematic review of the studies that have employed TMS/rTMS in patients with MCI and AD to suggest that rTMS can enhance performances on several cognitive functions impaired in AD and MCI. Expand
Motor cortex inhibitory circuits in dementia with Lewy bodies and in Alzheimer’s disease
TLDR
Trans transcranial magnetic stimulation is used to examine the excitability of two different inhibitory systems of the motor cortex, short latency intracortical inhibition (SICI) and short latency afferent inhibition (SAI) in patients with DLB and in healthy subjects to suggest the mechanisms of cholinergic depletion in DLB may be different from that in AD. Expand
Cholinergic cortical circuits in Parkinson’s disease and in progressive supranuclear palsy: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the excitability of the motor cortex is differentially modulated by sensory afferents in PD and PSP and may indicate that the mechanisms of cholinergic dysfunction are different between the two diseases. Expand
Thiamine Deficiency Induced Neurochemical, Neuroanatomical, and Neuropsychological Alterations: A Reappraisal
TLDR
This narrative review will focus on the neurochemical, neuroanatomical, and neuropsychological studies shedding light on the effects of thiamine deficiency in experimental models and in humans. Expand
Cabergoline reverses cortical hyperexcitability in patients with restless legs syndrome
Objective –  To reverse the profile of abnormal intracortical excitability in patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) by administering the dopaminergic agonist cabergoline.
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