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Explosive Pleistocene diversification and hemispheric expansion of a “great speciator”
Factors that influence speciation rates among groups of organisms are integral to deciphering macroevolutionary processes; however, they remain poorly understood. Here, we use molecular phylogenetic
Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the tyrant flycatchers, cotingas, manakins, and their allies (Aves: Tyrannides)
TLDR
This work proposes the first comprehensive phylogenetic classification that attempts to achieve isometry between the tree and a classification scheme using subordination and phyletic sequencing and identifies many avenues for further systematic study.
The assembly of montane biotas: linking Andean tectonics and climatic oscillations to independent regimes of diversification in Pionus parrots
TLDR
Phylogenetic and biogeographic analyses of species in the parrot genus Pionus are used to demonstrate that standing diversity within montane lineages is directly attributable to events of Earth history, and support a mechanistic link between diversification and Earth history.
Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the antbirds, ovenbirds, woodcreepers, and allies (Aves: Passeriformes: infraorder Furnariides)
TLDR
A phylogenetic analysis of the Furnariides sampling 124 genera supports the Melanopareidae and Grallariidae as distinct from the Rhinocryptidae and Formicariidae, respectively and erects new family‐group names for clades having high branch support across methods.
Single origin of a pan-Pacific bird group and upstream colonization of Australasia
TLDR
It is shown that a diverse array of endemic island genera and species are the product of a single radiation that diversified across all major Pacific archipelagos in a non-stepping-stone fashion, and recently recolonized continental areas.
Tectonic collision and uplift of Wallacea triggered the global songbird radiation
TLDR
It is shown that songbird diversification began in the Oligocene, but accelerated in the early Miocene, at approximately half the age of most previous estimates, reconcile songbird evolution with Earth history and link a major radiation of terrestrial biodiversity to early diversification within an isolated Australian continent.
Phylogeny and biogeography of the core babblers (Aves: Timaliidae).
TLDR
Although phylogenetic analysis required extensive adjustment of program settings, it ultimately produced a well-resolved phylogeny for the Timaliidae, which provided strong support for major subclades within the family but extensive paraphyly of genera.
REVISITING WALLACE'S HAUNT: COALESCENT SIMULATIONS AND COMPARATIVE NICHE MODELING REVEAL HISTORICAL MECHANISMS THAT PROMOTED AVIAN POPULATION DIVERGENCE IN THE MALAY ARCHIPELAGO
TLDR
Environmental niche modeling showed that the presence of unsuitable habitats between western and eastern Sundaland during the LGM coincided with deeper interpopulation genetic divergences, and Paleo‐riverine barriers are unlikely to have produced such a pattern, but it cannot rule out that they acted with habitat changes to impede population exchanges across the Sunda shelf.
Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls.
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