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Effects of dietary fatty acids and carbohydrates on the ratio of serum total to HDL cholesterol and on serum lipids and apolipoproteins: a meta-analysis of 60 controlled trials.
BACKGROUND The effects of dietary fats on the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) have traditionally been estimated from their effects on LDL cholesterol. Fats, however, also affect HDLExpand
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Effect of dietary fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoproteins. A meta-analysis of 27 trials.
  • R. Mensink, M. Katan
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Arteriosclerosis and thrombosis : a journal of…
  • 1 August 1992
To calculate the effect of changes in carbohydrate and fatty acid intake on serum lipid and lipoprotein levels, we reviewed 27 controlled trials published between 1970 and 1991 that met specificExpand
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Effect of dietary trans fatty acids on high-density and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in healthy subjects.
BACKGROUND Fatty acids that contain a trans double bond are consumed in large amounts as hydrogenated oils, but their effects on serum lipoprotein levels are unknown. METHODS We placed 34 womenExpand
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Water-soluble dietary fibers and cardiovascular disease
One well-established way to reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) is to lower serum LDL cholesterol levels by reducing saturated fat intake. However, the importance of otherExpand
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Effects of plant stanol esters supplied in low-fat yoghurt on serum lipids and lipoproteins, non-cholesterol sterols and fat soluble antioxidant concentrations.
Oil-based products enriched with plant stanol esters can lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations by 10-14%. Effectiveness of low-fat products, however, has never beenExpand
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Effect of a diet enriched with monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fatty acids on levels of low-density and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in healthy women and men.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids are thought to lower the serum cholesterol level more effectively than monounsaturated fatty acids. It is unclear whether the difference--if any--is due to a lowering ofExpand
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Do trans fatty acids from industrially produced sources and from natural sources have the same effect on cardiovascular disease risk factors in healthy subjects? Results of the trans Fatty Acids
BACKGROUND The consumption of monounsaturated trans fatty acids (TFAs) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Putative differences between the effects of TFAs from industrially producedExpand
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Plant sterols and stanols: effects on mixed micellar composition and LXR (target gene) activation Published, JLR Papers in Press, September 8, 2005. DOI 10.1194/jlr.M500272-JLR200
Plant stanols and sterols of the 4-desmethyl family (e.g., sitostanol and sitosterol) effectively decrease LDL cholesterol concentrations, whereas 4,4-dimethylsterols (α-amyrin and lupeol) do not.Expand
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Effects of fats and fatty acids on blood lipids in humans: an overview.
Differences in dietary fatty acid structure induce marked differences in lipid and lipoprotein concentrations in plasma from fasting subjects. Under metabolic-ward conditions, replacement ofExpand
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Plant stanol and sterol esters in the control of blood cholesterol levels: mechanism and safety aspects.
Incorporation of plant stanol esters into margarine is among the first examples of a functional food with proven low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol-lowering effectiveness. Recently, there haveExpand
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