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The evolution of misbelief
Abstract From an evolutionary standpoint, a default presumption is that true beliefs are adaptive and misbeliefs maladaptive. But if humans are biologically engineered to appraise the world… Expand
Jumping to Conclusions About the Beads Task? A Meta-analysis of Delusional Ideation and Data-Gathering.
- R. Ross, R. McKay, M. Coltheart, R. Langdon
- Medicine, Psychology
- Schizophrenia bulletin
- 1 September 2015
It has been claimed that delusional and delusion-prone individuals have a tendency to gather less data before forming beliefs. Most of the evidence for this "jumping to conclusions" (JTC) bias comes… Expand
Delusional beliefs are seen in association with a number of neuropathological conditions, including schizophrenia, dementia, and traumatic brain injury. A key distinction exists between polythematic… Expand
Schizophrenia and monothematic delusions.
Numerous delusions have been studied which are highly specific and which can present in isolation in people whose beliefs are otherwise entirely unremarkable - "monothematic delusions" such as… Expand
Anxiety, depression, traumatic stress and COVID-19-related anxiety in the UK general population during the COVID-19 pandemic
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has created an unprecedented global crisis, necessitating drastic changes to living conditions, social life, personal freedom and economic activity. No study has yet… Expand
Wrath of God: religious primes and punishment
- R. McKay, C. Efferson, H. Whitehouse, E. Fehr
- Psychology, Medicine
- Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 22 June 2011
Recent evidence indicates that priming participants with religious concepts promotes prosocial sharing behaviour. In the present study, we investigated whether religious priming also promotes the… Expand
The defensive function of persecutory delusions: An investigation using the Implicit Association Test
Introduction. Bentall and colleagues (Bentall & Kaney, 1996; Kinderman & Bentall, 1996, 1997) claim that persecutory delusions are constructed defensively, for the maintenance of self-esteem. A… Expand
Analytic atheism : A cross-culturally weak and fickle phenomenon?
Religious belief is a topic of longstanding interest to psychological science, but the psychology of religious disbelief is a relative newcomer. One prominently discussed model is analytic atheism,… Expand
Need for closure, jumping to conclusions, and decisiveness in delusion-prone individuals.
- R. McKay, R. Langdon, M. Coltheart
- Psychology, Medicine
- The Journal of nervous and mental disease
- 1 June 2006
Need for closure refers to a motivated need for certainty. Jumping-to-conclusions bias refers to the gathering of minimal data when making overconfident probabilistic judgments. Both constructs have… Expand
“Sleights of mind”: Delusions, defences, and self-deception
Two different modes of theorising about delusions are explored. On the one hand is the motivational approach, which regards delusions as serving a defensive, palliative, even potentially adaptive… Expand