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Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.
Two data sources--self-reports and peer ratings--and two instruments--adjective factors and questionnaire scales--were used to assess the five-factor model of personality, showing substantial cross-observer agreement on all five adjective factors.
Normal Personality Assessment in Clinical Practice: The NEO Personality Inventory.
Four ways five factors are basic
Gender differences in personality traits across cultures: robust and surprising findings.
- P. Costa, A. Terracciano, R. McCrae
- Psychology, SociologyJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
- 1 August 2001
Secondary analyses of Revised NEO Personality Inventory data from 26 cultures (N = 23,031) suggest that gender differences are small relative to individual variation within genders; differences are…
Personality trait structure as a human universal.
To assess the cross-cultural generalizability of the FFM, data from studies using 6 translations of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory were compared with the American factor structure and suggest that personality trait structure is universal.
Personality in Adulthood: A Five-Factor Theory Perspective
This book discusses the search for growth or Decline in Personality, the Influences of Personality on the Life Course, and a Five-Factor Theory of Personality.
The revised NEO personality inventory (NEO-PI-R)
Creativity, divergent thinking, and openness to experience.
- R. McCrae
- 1 June 1987
Test scores of divergent thinking obtained between 1959 and 1972 were correlated with a variety of personality measures administered since 1980. In this sample of 268 men, divergent thinking was…
Influence of extraversion and neuroticism on subjective well-being: happy and unhappy people.
A model of individual differences in happiness is presented, and the separate and complementary roles of trait and adaptation-level theories in explaining happiness are discussed.