• Publications
  • Influence
Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.
  • R. McCrae, P. Costa
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1987
Two data sources--self-reports and peer ratings--and two instruments--adjective factors and questionnaire scales--were used to assess the five-factor model of personality, showing substantial cross-observer agreement on all five adjective factors. Expand
Four ways five factors are basic
Abstract The five-factor model has recently received wide attention as a comprehensive model of personality traits. The claim that these five factors represent basic dimensions of personality isExpand
Gender differences in personality traits across cultures: robust and surprising findings.
Secondary analyses of Revised NEO Personality Inventory data from 26 cultures (N = 23,031) suggest that gender differences are small relative to individual variation within genders; differences areExpand
Personality in Adulthood: A Five-Factor Theory Perspective
This book discusses the search for growth or Decline in Personality, the Influences of Personality on the Life Course, and a Five-Factor Theory of Personality. Expand
Personality trait structure as a human universal.
To assess the cross-cultural generalizability of the FFM, data from studies using 6 translations of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory were compared with the American factor structure and suggest that personality trait structure is universal. Expand
Creativity, divergent thinking, and openness to experience.
Test scores of divergent thinking obtained between 1959 and 1972 were correlated with a variety of personality measures administered since 1980. In this sample of 268 men, divergent thinking wasExpand
Influence of extraversion and neuroticism on subjective well-being: happy and unhappy people.
  • P. Costa, R. McCrae
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1980
A model of individual differences in happiness is presented, and the separate and complementary roles of trait and adaptation-level theories in explaining happiness are discussed. Expand