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American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid replacement.
TLDR
This Position Stand provides guidance on fluid replacement to sustain appropriate hydration of individuals performing physical activity to prevent excessive (>2% body weight loss from water deficit) dehydration and excessive changes in electrolyte balance to avert compromised performance.
Effects of ambient temperature on the capacity to perform prolonged cycle exercise in man.
TLDR
There is a clear effect of temperature on exercise capacity which appears to follow an inverted U relationship, and significant effects of Ta were observed on VE, VO2, R, estimated fuel oxidation, HR, Tre, Tsk, sweat rate, and RPE.
Strength and cross‐sectional area of human skeletal muscle.
TLDR
The variation between subjects is such that strength is not a useful predictive index of muscle cross‐sectional area, and a wide variation in the ratio of strength to muscle cross-sectional area was observed.
Current Status of Body Composition Assessment in Sport
TLDR
Having considered issues of accuracy, repeatability and utility, the multi-component model might be employed as a performance or selection criterion, provided the selected model accounts for variability in the density of fat-free mass in its computation.
Errors in the estimation of hydration status from changes in body mass
TLDR
Hydration status is not easily measured, but acute changes in hydration status are often estimated from body mass change, and substantial loss of mass may occur without an effective net negative fluid balance.
The sweating response of elite professional soccer players to training in the heat.
TLDR
These elite soccer players did not drink sufficient volume to replace their sweat loss, which is in accord with data in the literature from other levels of soccer players and athletes in other events.
A simple, rapid method for the determination of glucose, lactate, pyruvate, alanine, 3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate on a single 20-μl blood sample
Abstract Existing methods for the estimation of glucose, lactate, pyruvate, alanine, 3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate normally require relatively large volumes of blood. In addition
Cold drink ingestion improves exercise endurance capacity in the heat.
TLDR
Compared with a drink at 37 degrees C, the ingestion of a cold drink before and during exercise in the heat reduced physiological strain (reduced heat accumulation) during exercise, leading to an improved endurance capacity.
Fluid and electrolyte balance in elite male football (soccer) players training in a cool environment
TLDR
The sweat loss data are similar to those recorded in elite players undergoing a similar training session in warm environments, but the volume of fluid ingested is less.
Blood antioxidant status and erythrocyte lipid peroxidation following distance running.
TLDR
The results show that when trained athletes run a comparatively short distance sufficient to result in some degree of muscle damage but which is insufficient to cause elevations in plasma indices of lipid peroxidation, significant alterations in erythrocyte antioxidant status do occur.
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