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Classification of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) according to the new Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2017: Comparison with GOLD 2011
ABSTRACT Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) project has been workingExpand
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Hematological evaluation in males with obstructive sleep apnea before and after positive airway pressure.
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with cardiovascular consequences. Red blood cell distribution width (RDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), andExpand
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Reference equations for the 6-minute walk distance in healthy Portuguese subjects 18-70 years old.
INTRODUCTION Six-minute walk test (6MWT) is used for evaluating functional exercise capacity. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reference equations to predict six-minute walk distance (6MWD)Expand
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Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy: Associated complications.
INTRODUCTION Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBC) has emerged as a diagnostic alternative to surgical lung biopsy in interstitial lung disease (ILD). Despite its less invasive nature, some associatedExpand
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Diagnostic yield of transbronchial lung cryobiopsy in interstitial lung diseases.
Surgical lung biopsy (SLB) is still considered the gold standard procedure to obtain histology in interstitial lung diseases (ILD), the final diagnosis being decided on the basis of multidisciplinaryExpand
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Non-small cell lung cancer in never-smokers
Introduction: In the past, lung cancer was assumed to be a tobacco related disease. Studies about lung cancer in never-smokers (NS) are still limited. Aim: To compare ever-smokers (ES) and NS withExpand
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Effects of pulmonary rehabilitation in asthma patients
Introduction: In asthma, persistent symptoms and frequent exacerbations have a negative impact on quality of life, exercise tolerance and health status. Evidence of the benefit of pulmonaryExpand
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Community-acquired pneumonia in HIV-infected patients: The relevance of CD4+ cell count
Background: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a frequent complication in HIV infected (HIV+) patients. The spectrum of pathogens is vast and differs depending on CD4+ cell count and geographicExpand
Anterior Cervical Osteophyte Presenting as a Pharyngeal Mass.
We describe the case of a 73-year-old-man, non-smoker, with recurrent respiratory infections. He had a medical history of bronchiectasis and an asthma/COPD overlap syndrome. The patient was submittedExpand