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Turbulence and stress owing to gravity wave and tidal breakdown
It has been suggested (Lindzen, 1967, 1968a, b; Lindzen and Blake, 1971; Hodges, 1969) that turbulence in the upper mesosphere arises from the unstable breakdown of tides and gravity waves. CrudelyExpand
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Hadley Circulations for Zonally Averaged Heating Centered off the Equator
Abstract Consistent with observations, we find that moving peak heating even 2 degrees off the equator leads to profound asymmetries in the Hadley circulation, with the winter cell amplifying greatlyExpand
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A Simple Approximate Result for the Maximum Growth Rate of Baroclinic Instabilities
Abstract The Charney problem for baroclinic instability involves the quasi-geostrophic instability of a zonal flow on a β plane where the zonal flow is characterized by a constant vertical shear. TheExpand
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The Spectral Gap
The primary problem we discussed is how to distinguish by means of spectral analysis the different types of dynamics believed to be dominant on different scales in the atmosphere; in particular,Expand
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Wave-CISK in the Tropics
Abstract CISK (Conditional Instability of the Second Kind) is examined for internal waves where low-level convergence is due to the inviscid wave fields rather than to Ekman pumping. It is found thatExpand
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Tropospheric Water Vapor and Climate Sensitivity
Abstract Estimates are made of the effect of changes in tropospheric water vapor on the climate sensitivity to doubled carbon dioxide (CO2), using a coarse resolution atmospheric general circulationExpand
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Space observations of cold-cloud phase change
This study examines the vertically resolved cloud measurements from the cloud-aerosol lidar with orthogonal polarization instrument on Aqua satellite from June 2006 through May 2007 to estimate theExpand
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The Stern Review: A Dual Critique
The Stern Review, described as the most comprehensive review ever carried out on the economics of climate change, was published on 30 October 2006. The twin papers from a combined team of scientistsExpand
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On the determination of climate feedbacks from ERBE data
[1] Climate feedbacks are estimated from fluctuations in the outgoing radiation budget from the latest version of Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) nonscanner data. It appears, for the entireExpand
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On the observational determination of climate sensitivity and its implications
We estimate climate sensitivity from observations, using the deseasonalized fluctuations in sea surface temperatures (SSTs) and the concurrent fluctuations in the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) outgoingExpand
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