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Emotion elicitation using films
Abstract Researchers interested in emotion have long struggled with the problem of how to elicit emotional responses in the laboratory. In this article, we summarise five years of work to develop aExpand
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Emotional suppression: physiology, self-report, and expressive behavior.
  • J. Gross, R. Levenson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 June 1993
This study examined the effects of emotional suppression, a form of emotion regulation defined as the conscious inhibition of emotional expressive behavior while emotionally aroused. Ss (43 men andExpand
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Hiding feelings: the acute effects of inhibiting negative and positive emotion.
Emotion regulation plays a central role in mental health and illness, but little is known about even the most basic forms of emotion regulation. To examine the acute effects of inhibiting negativeExpand
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Positive Emotions Speed Recovery from the Cardiovascular Sequelae of Negative Emotions.
Two studies tested the hypothesis that certain positive emotions speed recovery from the cardiovascular sequelae of negative emotions. In Study 1, 60 subjects (Ss) viewed an initial fear-elicitingExpand
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Marital interaction: physiological linkage and affective exchange.
Thirty married couples were studied during naturalistic interactions to determine the extent to which variation in marital satisfaction could be accounted for by physiological and affective patternsExpand
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Autonomic nervous system activity distinguishes among emotions.
Emotion-specific activity in the autonomic nervous system was generated by constructing facial prototypes of emotion muscle by muscle and by reliving past emotional experiences. The autonomicExpand
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Effects of aging on experimentally instructed detached reappraisal, positive reappraisal, and emotional behavior suppression.
Emotion regulation includes multiple strategies that rely on different underlying abilities and that may be affected differently by aging. We assessed young, middle-aged, and older adults' ability toExpand
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Autonomic Nervous System Differences among Emotions
Following decades of controversy and uncertainty, there is now sufficient empirical basis for asserting the existence of a limited set of autonomic differences among emotions. Findings of autonomicExpand
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Voluntary facial action generates emotion-specific autonomic nervous system activity.
Four experiments were conducted to determine whether voluntarily produced emotional facial configurations are associated with differentiated patterns of autonomic activity, and if so, how this mightExpand
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Empathy: a physiological substrate.
  • R. Levenson, A. Ruef
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 August 1992
The relation between empathy (defined as the ability to perceive accurately how another person is feeling) and physiology was studied in 31 Ss. Ss viewed 15-min martial interactions and used a ratingExpand
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