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The P2X7 Receptor: A Key Player in IL-1 Processing and Release1
Human IL-1 family proteins are key mediators of the host response to infections, injury, and immunologic challenges. The mechanism by which IL-1 activates proinflammatory responses in target cells,Expand
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The P2X7 receptor: a key player in IL-1 processing and release
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Dendritic cells are functionally defective in multiple myeloma: the role of interleukin-6.
We studied concentration, phenotype, and function of peripheral blood (PB) dendritic cells (DCs) from patients with multiple myeloma (MM). The absolute number of circulating precursors of myeloid andExpand
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Modulation of tryptophan catabolism by human leukemic cells results in the conversion of CD25- into CD25+ T regulatory cells.
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is a novel immunosuppressive agent expressed in some subsets of normal and neoplastic cells, including acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. Here, we show that IDOExpand
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The role of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase in the induction of immune tolerance: focus on hematology.
The regulation of the interaction between the immune system and antigens, which may lead to the induction of immune tolerance, is critical both under physiologic conditions and in differentExpand
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Nucleofection Is an Efficient Nonviral Transfection Technique for Human Bone Marrow–Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Viral‐based techniques are the most efficient systems to deliver DNA into stem cells because they show high gene transduction and transgene expression in many cellular models. However, the use ofExpand
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The extracellular nucleotide UTP is a potent inducer of hematopoietic stem cell migration.
Homing and engraftment of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) to the bone marrow (BM) involve a complex interplay between chemokines, cytokines, and nonpeptide molecules. Extracellular nucleotides andExpand
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Hepatocyte growth factor favors monocyte differentiation into regulatory interleukin (IL)-10++IL-12low/neg accessory cells with dendritic-cell features.
Several hematopoietic growth factors, including interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), promote the differentiation of tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs). HepatocyteExpand
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Granulocyte colony‐stimulating factor promotes the generation of regulatory DC through induction of IL‐10 and IFN‐α
We have recently demonstrated that G‐CSF promotes the generation of human T regulatory (TREG) type 1 cells. In this study, we investigated whether the immunomodulatory effects of G‐CSF might beExpand
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Antitumor vaccination: where we stand.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Vaccination is an effective medical procedure of preventive medicine based on the induction of a long-lasting immunologic memory characterized by mechanisms endowed withExpand
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