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Conditional deletion of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the postnatal brain leads to obesity and hyperactivity.
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor has been associated previously with the regulation of food intake. To help elucidate the role of this neurotrophin in weight regulation, we have generatedExpand
Leptin prevents fasting-induced suppression of prothyrotropin-releasing hormone messenger ribonucleic acid in neurons of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus.
Prolonged fasting is associated with a number of changes in the thyroid axis manifested by low serum T3 and T4 levels and, paradoxically, low or normal TSH. This response is, at least partly, causedExpand
Central regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis under physiological and pathophysiological conditions.
TRH is a tripeptide amide that functions as a neurotransmitter but also serves as a neurohormone that has a critical role in the central regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis.Expand
The TRH neuron: a hypothalamic integrator of energy metabolism.
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) has an important role in the regulation of energy homeostasis not only through effects on thyroid function orchestrated through hypophysiotropic neurons in theExpand
Thyroid hormone regulates TRH biosynthesis in the paraventricular nucleus of the rat hypothalamus.
Thyroid hormone is important in the regulation of synthesis and secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in the anterior pituitary, but its role in the control of hypothalamicExpand
Regional distribution of type 2 thyroxine deiodinase messenger ribonucleic acid in rat hypothalamus and pituitary and its regulation by thyroid hormone.
To identify the specific locations of type 2 deiodinase (D2) messenger RNA (mRNA) in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland and determine its regulation by thyroid hormone, we performed in situExpand
α-Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone Is Contained in Nerve Terminals Innervating Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone-Synthesizing Neurons in the Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nucleus and Prevents
The hypothalamic arcuate nucleus has an essential role in mediating the homeostatic responses of the thyroid axis to fasting by altering the sensitivity of prothyrotropin-releasing hormone (pro-TRH)Expand
Localization of thyrotropin-releasing hormone prohormone messenger ribonucleic acid in rat brain in situ hybridization.
We studied the distribution of pro- TRH mRNA in rat brain by in situ hybridization histochemistry using radiolabeled single stranded cRNA probes to confirm the hypothesis that the TRH precursor isExpand
Negative feedback regulation of hypophysiotropic thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) synthesizing neurons: Role of neuronal afferents and type 2 deiodinase
Hypophysiotropic thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH): synthesizing neurons reside in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and are the central regulators of theExpand
Acrolein: a fixative for immunocytochemical localization of peptides in the central nervous system.
Acrolein was examined as an alternative fixative to formaldehyde for immunocytochemical localization of neuropeptides in the rat brain. A brief (5 min) vascular perfusion with a 5% acrolein solutionExpand