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A Cultural Theory of International Relations
1. Introduction 2. Fear, interest and honor 3. The spirit and its expression 4. The ancient world 5. Medieval Europe 6. From Sun King to Revolution 7. Imperialism and World War I 8. World War II 9.
Between Peace and War: The Nature of International Crisis
  • R. Lebow
  • Political Science
  • 21 January 1982
When is war is the result of a nation's deliberate decision to advance its vital interests by force of arms? When is it brought about by miscalculation? What causes policy-makers to misjudge the
God Gave Physics the Easy Problems:
For conceptual and empirical reasons the quest for predictive theory rests on a mistaken analogy between physical and social phenomena. Evolutionary biology is a more productive analogy for social
Contingency, Catalysts, and International System Change
  • R. Lebow
  • History, Political Science
  • 1 December 2000
Wars, revolutions, and depressions change the world and the way in which we think about it. World War I was a seminal event in both respects. It ushered in a profound transformation of the
The long peace, the end of the cold war, and the failure of realism
  • R. Lebow
  • Political Science
    International Organization
  • 1 March 1994
Three of the more important international developments of the last half century are the “long peace” between the superpowers, the Soviet Union's renunciation of its empire and leading role as a
What's So Different about a Counterfactual?
  • R. Lebow
  • Philosophy
    World Politics
  • 1 July 2000
The author contends that the difference between so-called factual and counterfactual arguments is greatly exaggerated; it is one of degree, not of kind. Both arguments ultimately rest on the quality
Realism and the End of the Cold War
iNlodern realism began as a reaction to the breakdown of the post-World War I international order in the 1930s. The collapse of great-power cooperation after World War II helped establish it as the
Rational Deterrence Theory: I Think, Therefore I Deter
Deterrence theories purport to supply the auxiliary assumptions rational choice theories need to predict rational strategic behavior. They generally assume that would-be initiators are (i)
The Tragic Vision of Politics: Ethics, Interests and Orders
1. Nixon in Hell 2. Tragedy and politics 3. Thucydides and war 4. Thucydides and civilization 5. Carl von Clausewitz 6. Hans J. Morgenthau 7. The wisdom of classical realism 8. Running red lights and
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