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A Cultural Theory of International Relations
1. Introduction 2. Fear, interest and honor 3. The spirit and its expression 4. The ancient world 5. Medieval Europe 6. From Sun King to Revolution 7. Imperialism and World War I 8. World War II 9.Expand
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God Gave Physics the Easy Problems:
For conceptual and empirical reasons the quest for predictive theory rests on a mistaken analogy between physical and social phenomena. Evolutionary biology is a more productive analogy for socialExpand
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Between Peace and War: The Nature of International Crisis
  • R. Lebow
  • Political Science
  • 21 January 1982
When is war is the result of a nation's deliberate decision to advance its vital interests by force of arms? When is it brought about by miscalculation? What causes policy-makers to misjudge theExpand
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The long peace, the end of the cold war, and the failure of realism
Three of the more important international developments of the last half century are the “long peace” between the superpowers, the Soviet Union's renunciation of its empire and leading role as aExpand
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Contingency, Catalysts, and International System Change
  • R. Lebow
  • Political Science
  • 1 December 2000
Wars, revolutions, and depressions change the world and the way in which we think about it. World War I was a seminal event in both respects. It ushered in a profound transformation of theExpand
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Counterfactual Thought Experiments: A Necessary Teaching Tool
COUNTERFACTUALS are routinely used in physical and biological sciences to develop and evaluate sophisticated, non-linear models. They have been used with telling effect in the study of economicExpand
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What's So Different about a Counterfactual?
The author contends that the difference between so-called factual and counterfactual arguments is greatly exaggerated; it is one of degree, not of kind. Both arguments ultimately rest on the qualityExpand
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Rational Deterrence Theory: I Think, Therefore I Deter
Deterrence theories purport to supply the auxiliary assumptions rational choice theories need to predict rational strategic behavior. They generally assume that would-be initiators are (i)Expand
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