• Publications
  • Influence
Maintenance and repair issues for stone cleaned sandstone and granite building façades
Widespread stone cleaning of Scottish buildings began in the 1960s. In the earlier years, abrasive cleaning caused significant damage, especially to sandstone buildings, abrading the stone surfaceExpand
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A comparison of active navigation and passive observation of desktop models of future built environments
In the context of architectural and urban design, we compared and contrasted passive observation of walkthroughs of a desktop computer modelled environment with user-controlled (active) navigation ofExpand
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Governance and policy challenges of implementing urban low-carbon transport initiatives
Emissions from transport represent a quarter of Scotland’s total. Action to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport has been criticized for being limited, poorly integrated withExpand
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The Devil is in the Detail
TLDR
This paper concerns the use of an emerging technology which enables the high definition recording of surfaces and environments. Expand
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  • PDF
Creating 3-D Animation: The Aardman Book of Filmmaking
TLDR
How to make your own 3-D animated film.From the Publisher: Academy Award-winning Aardman Studios in Bristol, England. Expand
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The Application of Visual Environmental Economics in the Study of Public Preference and Urban Greenspace
TLDR
We report results from a study that combined the visualisation of public greenspace with environmental economics, and that aimed to develop a method by which realistic computer models of sites could be used within preference studies. Expand
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Application of a conceptual stages design protocol for early collaborative design through computer based mediation.
TLDR
This paper is focused on reviewing different design processes and on presenting a predefined Conceptual Design Protocol (CDP) as a descriptive model that illustrates the steps of the design process as sequences of actions that occur during design and eventually manages the conceptual design process. Expand
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Design and use of a virtual heritage model to enable a comparison of active navigation of buildings and spaces with passive observation.
Abstract Wide ranging and significant research in recent years has highlighted the need for greater levels of engagement with end users in planning and design of the built environment. This has beenExpand
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Supporting the Early Stages of the Product Design Process: Using an Integrated Collaborative Environment
TLDR
This paper describes an EC funded project (COnCEPT) which aims to develop tools specifically designed to support the early stages of this design process model which will include: the analysis of the initial brief; the generation of textual and visual information around the brief. Expand
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Treatment of hyperactive children: increased efficiency through modifications of homeopathic diagnostic procedure.
  • R. Laing
  • Medicine
  • Homeopathy : the journal of the Faculty of…
  • 1 July 2006
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