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ORIGINAL ARTICLE: A general dynamic theory of oceanic island biogeography
A general dynamic model (GDM) of oceanic island biogeography that aims to provide a general explanation of biodiversity patterns through describing the relationships between fundamental biogeographical processes – speciation, immigration, extinction – through time and in relation to island ontogeny is presented.
Conservation Biogeography: assessment and prospect
- R. Whittaker, M. Araújo, P. Jepson, R. Ladle, J. Watson, K. Willis
- Environmental Science
- 1 January 2005
The role played by biogeographical science in the emergence of conservation guidance is examined and the case for the recognition of Conservation Biogeography as a key subfield of conservation biology delimited as both a substantial body of theory and analysis is made.
Reducing uncertainty in projections of extinction risk from climate change
The results provide the first empirical evidence of the value of species–climate ‘envelope’ models under climate change and demonstrate reduction in uncertainty and improvement in accuracy through selection of the most consensual projections.
Frequently asked questions about in vivo chlorophyll fluorescence: practical issues
Practical information on the hardware, methodology, and the hands on application of chlorophyll (Chl) a fluorescence technology is provided to scientists who have some experience with the application but are still in the process of discovering what it all means and how it can be used.
Chlorophyll a fluorescence as a tool to monitor physiological status of plants under abiotic stress conditions
The results of fast ChlF analyses of photosynthetic responses to environmental stresses are reviewed, the potential scientific and practical applications of this innovative methodology are discussed, and the recent availability of portable devices has significantly expanded the potential utilization of Chlf techniques.
A General Dynamic Theory of Oceanic Island Biogeography: Extending the MacArthur- Wilson Theory to Accommodate the Rise and Fall of Volcanic Islands
A theory attempts to identify the factors that determine a class of phenomena and to state the permissible relationships among the factors . . . substituting one theory for many facts. A good theory…
Seven Shortfalls that Beset Large-Scale Knowledge of Biodiversity
- J. Hortal, F. Bello, J. Diniz‐Filho, T. Lewinsohn, J. Lobo, R. Ladle
- Environmental Science
- 4 December 2015
The concept of knowledge shortfalls is updated and the tradeoffs between generality and uncertainty are reviewed and a general framework for the combined impacts and consequences of shortfalls of large-scale biodiversity knowledge is concluded.
Patterns of land use, extensification, and intensification of Brazilian agriculture
- L. C. Dias, F. M. Pimenta, A. B. Santos, M. H. Costa, R. Ladle
- Environmental ScienceGlobal change biology
- 1 August 2016
The results provide the first comprehensive historical overview of agricultural land use and productivity in Brazil, providing clear insights to guide future territorial planning, sustainable agriculture, policy, and decision-making.
Bird-keeping in Indonesia: conservation impacts and the potential for substitution-based conservation responses
Bird-keeping is an extremely popular pastime in Indonesia, where there is a thriving internal market in both wild-caught and captive-bred birds. However, little is known about whether the scale of…
Citing practices in ecology: can we believe our own words?
Analysed how misprinted citations are propagated through the scientific literature and concluded that as many as 80% of all cited papers are not read by the authors citing them, however this result is most probably an overestima-tion.