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Reconstruction of the Evolutionary History and Dispersal of Usutu Virus, a Neglected Emerging Arbovirus in Europe and Africa
TLDR
The results showed that USUV can be classified into six distinct lineages and that the most recent common ancestor of the recent European epizootics emerged in Africa at least 500 years ago, and that migratory birds might act as potential long-distance dispersal vehicles.
Field evaluation of four widely used mosquito traps in Central Europe
TLDR
The BG trap showed a significantly better or similar performance compared to the CDC, EVS or MM trap with regard to trapping efficacy for most common mosquito species in Germany, including diversity of mosquito species and number of mosquitoes per trapping period.
Widespread activity of multiple lineages of Usutu virus, western Europe, 2016
TLDR
Public health authorities, blood transfusion services and clinicians in countries where USUV was detected should be aware of the risk of possible USUV infection in humans, including in patients with unexplained encephalitis or other neurological impairments, especially during late summer when mosquito densities peak.
Repeated introduction of Aedes albopictus into Germany, July to October 2012
TLDR
During a small-scale surveillance project to identify possible routes of entry for invasive mosquitoes into Germany, 14 adult Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse) were discovered between July and October 2012, indicating regular introduction of A. albipictus into Germany.
West Nile Virus and Usutu Virus Monitoring of Wild Birds in Germany
TLDR
It is concluded that WNV is not yet present in Germany, and continued wild bird and mosquito monitoring studies are essential to detect the incursion of zoonotic viruses and to allow risk assessments forZoonotic pathogens.
Effects of temperature and photoperiod on the development of overwintering immature Culicoides chiopterus and C. dewulfi.
TLDR
Temperature had a significant impact on the development period of Culicoides chiopterus (Meigen), 1830 and C. dewulfi Goetghebuer, 1936, but the response to the four temperature-photoperiod treatments did not differ between the two species.
Evidence for West Nile Virus and Usutu Virus Infections in Wild and Resident Birds in Germany, 2017 and 2018
TLDR
Interestingly, high WNV-specific neutralizing antibody titers were observed in resident and short-distance migratory birds in Eastern Germany in 2018, indicating the first signs of a local WNV circulation.
Host-feeding patterns of mosquito species in Germany
TLDR
Although the collected blood-fed mosquito species had a strong overlap of host species, two different host-feeding groups were identified with mosquito species feeding on birds, non-human mammals, and humans, which make them potential vectors of pathogens only between mammals or between mammals and birds, respectively.
Spatial and temporal variation in the abundance of Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in nine European countries
TLDR
The first maps of seasonal Culicoides abundance in large parts of Europe covering a gradient from southern Spain to northern Scandinavia are presented.
Circulation of Dirofilaria repens and Dirofilaria immitis in Moldova
TLDR
The temperature conditions in Moldova are suitable for transmission of Dirofilaria spp. within the entire country, which is supported by a wide distribution of Dirosene spp.-positive mosquitoes with high infection rates.
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