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A massive phytoplankton bloom induced by an ecosystem-scale iron fertilization experiment in the equatorial Pacific Ocean
Observations provide unequivocal support for the hypothesis that phytoplankton growth in this oceanic region is limited by iron bioavailability.
Southern Ocean Iron Enrichment Experiment: Carbon Cycling in High- and Low-Si Waters
Two mesoscale experiments, designed to investigate the effects of iron enrichment in regions with high and low concentrations of silicic acid, were performed in the Southern Ocean, demonstrating iron's pivotal role in controlling carbon uptake and regulating atmospheric partial pressure of carbon dioxide.
Harmful algal blooms and climate change: Learning from the past and present to forecast the future.
Evidence for a Novel Marine Harmful Algal Bloom: Cyanotoxin (Microcystin) Transfer from Land to Sea Otters
This is the first report of deaths of marine mammals due to cyanotoxins and confirms the existence of a novel class of marine “harmful algal bloom” in the Pacific coastal environment; that of hepatotoxic shellfish poisoning (HSP), suggesting that animals and humans are at risk from microcystin poisoning when consuming shellfish harvested at the land-sea interface.
An unprecedented coastwide toxic algal bloom linked to anomalous ocean conditions
It is demonstrated that this outbreak of the neurotoxin domoic acid along the North American west coast in spring 2015 was initiated by anomalously warm ocean conditions, and has the potential for similarly devastating ecological and economic disruptions in the future.
Marine Phytoplankton Temperature versus Growth Responses from Polar to Tropical Waters – Outcome of a Scientific Community-Wide Study
This study provides physiological datasets fundamental to understanding functional responses of phytoplankton growth rates to temperature that can be used to parameterise global ocean model projections of environmental change and to provide initial insights into the magnitude of regional biogeographic change in ocean biota in the coming decades.
Nitrogen cycle of the open ocean: from genes to ecosystems.
The nitrogen cycle in the oceans is an integral feature of the function of ocean ecosystems and will be a central player in how oceans respond during global environmental change.
Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: Examining linkages from selected coastal regions of the United States.
Nitrogenous preference of toxigenic Pseudo-nitzschia australis (Bacillariophyceae) from field and laboratory experiments