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The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert performance.
We propose a theoretical framework that explains expert performance in terms of acquired characteristics resulting from extended deliberate practice and that limits the role of innate (inherited) characteristics to general levels of activity and emotionality. Expand
The role of deliberate practice in chess expertise
SUMMARY Two large, diverse samples of tournament-rated chess players were asked to estimate the frequency and duration of their engagement in a variety of chess-related activities. VariablesExpand
Maintaining excellence: deliberate practice and elite performance in young and older pianists.
Two studies investigated the role of deliberate practice in the maintenance of cognitive-motor skills in expert and accomplished amateur pianists. Older expert and amateur pianists showed the normalExpand
An ecological approach to studying aging and dual-task performance
An aspect of executive functioning observed to decline with normative and nonnormative aging is the control of attention when performing concurrent tasks. Previous research directed at localizing theExpand
The role of intuition and deliberative thinking in experts’ superior tactical decision-making
Current theories argue that human decision making is largely based on quick, automatic, and intuitive processes that are occasionally supplemented by slow controlled deliberation. Researchers,Expand
Basic forms of cognitive plasticity extended into the oldest-old: retest learning, age, and cognitive functioning.
To address the question of whether cognitive plasticity varies by age and level of cognitive functioning in the older population, the authors used a self-guided retest paradigm to assess the basicExpand
Time-Accuracy Functions for Determining Process and Person Differences: An Application To Cognitive Aging
A paradigm for the determination of time-accuracy functions (TAFs) for individual participants is introduced for two pairs of tasks differing in cognitive complexity, that is, word scanning vs cuedExpand
We investigate the cognitive control in polyrhythmic hand movements as a model paradigm for bimanual coordination. Using a symbolic coding of the recorded time series, we demonstrate the existence ofExpand
Can we create gifted people?
Only in the light of specific theoretical frameworks for the development of superior performance can we productively ask to what extent that performance is due to controllable external factors andExpand