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Causes and prevalence of visual impairment among adults in the United States.
- N. Congdon, Benita J. O’Colmain, +6 authors P. Mitchell
- Archives of ophthalmology
- 1 April 2004
The prevalence of visual disabilities will increase markedly during the next 20 years, owing largely to the aging of the US population. Expand
Global prevalence of age-related macular degeneration and disease burden projection for 2020 and 2040: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
BACKGROUND Numerous population-based studies of age-related macular degeneration have been reported around the world, with the results of some studies suggesting racial or ethnic differences in… Expand
Prevalence of hearing loss in older adults in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin. The Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study.
- K. Cruickshanks, T. Wiley, +4 authors D. Nondahl
- American journal of epidemiology
- 1 November 1998
It is demonstrated that hearing loss is a very common problem affecting older adults and Epidemiologic studies are needed to understand the genetic, environmental, and sex-related determinants of age-related hearing loss and to identify potential intervention strategies. Expand
An international classification and grading system for age-related maculopathy and age-related macular degeneration. The International ARM Epidemiological Study Group.
A common detection and classification system is needed for epidemiologic studies of age-related maculopathy (ARM). Such a grading scheme for ARM is described in this paper. ARM is defined as a… Expand
The Wisconsin epidemiologic study of diabetic retinopathy. II. Prevalence and risk of diabetic retinopathy when age at diagnosis is less than 30 years.
In a population-based study in southern Wisconsin, 996 insulin-taking, younger-onset diabetic persons were examined using standard protocols to determine the prevalence and severity of diabetic… Expand
Proposed international clinical diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema disease severity scales.
There seems to be a genuine need for consistent international clinical classification systems for diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema that are supported with solid evidence. Expand
Prevalence of olfactory impairment in older adults.
It is demonstrated that prevalence of olfactory impairment among older adults is high and increases with age, and self-report significantly underestimated prevalence rates obtained by olfaction testing. Expand
The Wisconsin epidemiologic study of diabetic retinopathy. III. Prevalence and risk of diabetic retinopathy when age at diagnosis is 30 or more years.
The severity of retinopathy was found to be related to longer duration of diabetes, younger age at diagnosis, higher glycosylated hemoglobin levels, higher systolic BP, use of insulin, presence of proteinuria, and small body mass. Expand
Revised formulas for summarizing retinal vessel diameters
- M. Knudtson, Kristine Lee, L. Hubbard, T. Wong, R. Klein, B. Klein
- Mathematics, Medicine
- Current eye research
- 1 January 2003
Revised formulas for summarizing retinal vessel diameters measured from fundus photographs are described, which offer the advantages of being more robust against variability in the number of vessels observed, being independent of image scale, and being easier to implement. Expand
The impact of hearing loss on quality of life in older adults.
- D. Dalton, K. Cruickshanks, B. Klein, R. Klein, T. Wiley, D. Nondahl
- Psychology, Medicine
- The Gerontologist
- 1 October 2003
Severity of hearing loss was significantly associated with having a hearing handicap and with self-reported communication difficulties, and decreased function in both the Mental component Summary score and the Physical Component Summary score of the SF-36 as well as with six of the eight individual domain scores. Expand