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Decisions with Multiple Objectives: Preferences and Value Trade-Offs
- R. Keeney, H. Raiffa, D. Rajala
- Business, EconomicsIEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and…
- 1 September 1977
This book describes how a confused decision maker, who wishes to make a reasonable and responsible choice among alternatives, can systematically probe his true feelings in order to make those critically important, vexing trade-offs between incommensurable objectives.
Value-Focused Thinking: A Path to Creative Decisionmaking
- R. Keeney
- 1 April 1992
Decisions with Multiple Objectives
Many of the complex problems faced by decision makers involve multiple conflicting objectives. This book describes how a confused decision maker, who wishes to make a reasonable and responsible…
Smart Choices: A Practical Guide to Making Better Decisions
Smart Choices doesn't tell you what to decide; it tells you how to decide, and as you routinely use the process, you'll become more confident in your ability to make decisions at work and at home, and you'll make better decisions going forward.
The Value of Internet Commerce to the Customer
Internet commerce has the potential to offer customers a better deal compared to purchases by conventional methods in many situations. To make this potential a reality, businesses must focus on the…
Value-focused thinking: Identifying decision opportunities and creating alternatives
- R. Keeney
- 9 August 1996
Decision analysis: an overview.
- R. Keeney
- SociologyOperations research
This article, written for the nondecision analyst, describes what decision analysis is, what it can and cannot do, why one should care to do this, and how one does it. To accomplish these purposes,…
The hidden traps in decision making.
Eight psychological traps are examined that are particularly likely to affect the way that important business decisions are sound and reliable and executives can take other simple steps to protect themselves and their organizations from the various kinds of mental lapses.
Selecting Attributes to Measure the Achievement of Objectives
This paper proposes a decision model for selecting among the different types of natural, proxy, and constructed attributes and defines five desirable properties of attributes: they should be unambiguous, comprehensive, direct, operational, and understandable.
Creating policy alternatives using stakeholder values
Choices that require multiple stakeholders to balance conflicting objectives are among today's most controversial decisions. Although many techniques exist for helping decision makers to select among…