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Internal and external reasons
The Myth of Morality
Preface 1. Error theory and motivation 2. Error theory and reasons 3. Practical instrumentalism 4. The relativity of reasons 5. Internal and external reasons 6. Morality and evolution 7. FictionalismExpand
Metaethics and the empirical sciences
What contribution can the empirical sciences make to metaethics? This paper outlines an argument to a particular metaethical conclusion—that moral judgments are epistemically unjustified—that dependsExpand
The Error In ‘The Error In The Error Theory’
In his paper ‘The Error in the Error Theory’[this journal, 2008], Stephen Finlay attempts to show that the moral error theorist has not only failed to prove his case, but that the error theory is inExpand
The Many Moral Nativisms
John Stuart Mill’s opinion that “moral feelings are not innate, but acquired” (Mill 1861, 527) was, in the estimation of Charles Darwin, destined to be judged as “a most serious blemish” on thatExpand
The Fugitive Thought
Etude de la pensee fugitive qui designe selon P. Foot l'inevitabilite morale de culpabilite chez la personne jugee coupable. Au fondement de cette these pessimiste qui ignore les interets et lesExpand
Moving Into College
The Evolution of Morality
Moral thinking pervades our practical lives, but where did this way of thinking come from, and what purpose does it serve? Is it to be explained by environmental pressures on our ancestors a millionExpand
Cooperation and its Evolution
Certain themes emerge that demonstrate the ubiquity of questions regarding cooperation in evolutionary biology: the generation and division of the profits of cooperation; transitions in individuality; levels of selection, from gene to organism; and the "human cooperation explosion" that makes the authors' own social behavior particularly puzzling from an evolutionary perspective. Expand
The role of learning in punishment , prosociality , and human uniqueness
any sort of punishment could motivate any sort of prosocial behavior. In reality, punishment must conform itself to the circumscribed ability of organisms to learn. There is one species with aExpand