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The higher classification of butterflies (Lepidoptera): problems and prospects
The cladistic analysis supports a number of currently held views about butterfly classification, and suggests sister group relationships between Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea, and Pieridae and (Lycaenidae + Nymphalidae). Expand
Fossil butterflies, calibration points and the molecular clock (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea).
  • R. Jong
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Zootaxa
  • 25 May 2017
All known butterfly fossils, consisting of 49 taxa, are critically reviewed and their relationship to extant taxa is discussed as an aid for correctly calibrating a molecular clock for papilionoid Lepidoptera. Expand
Reconstructing a 55-million-year-old butterfly (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae)
The oldest butterfly fossil known, which was formed about 55 Ma in what is now Denmark, is described. The fragments of its forewing venation indicates it belongs to the Hesperiidae. FurtherExpand
The butterflies of Sulawesi : annotated checklist for a critical island fauna
General information is given on geological and ecological features of the area and the little phylogenetic information available, endemicity, links with surrounding areas and the evolution of the butterfly fauna are discussed. Expand
Are there butterflies with Gondwanan ancestry in the Australian region
Claims of a Gondwanan ancestry in butterflies of the Australian region are ill founded, because if such an ancestry exists, it has been obscured by later dispersals and extinctions. Expand
The Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera) of the Philippines
The Hesperiidae do not provide patterns of vicariant speciation events in the Philippines, but there is a general north-south (Luzon-Mindanao) differentiation with an intermediate area of islands showing intricate and various biogeographic links. Expand
Diversity and community composition of butterflies and odonates in an ENSO-induced fire affected habitat mosaic: a case study from East Kalimantan, Indonesia
Little is known about the diversity of tropical animal communities in recently fireaffected environments. Here we assessed species richness, evenness, and community similarity of butterflies andExpand
Estimating time and space in the evolution of the Lepidoptera
Estimation of the evolution in space through time (palaeobiogeography) as found in recent literature is discussed, the often supposed role of Gondwana in the evolution of the butterflies is challenged, and an alternative hypothesis is given. Expand