• Publications
  • Influence
Abstract In many species of rodents, sense of smell is the most important source of information about the social and nonsocial world. I selectively review the literature on chemical communication inExpand
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The causation of two scent-marking behaviour patterns in female hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)
Social, olfactory, and oestrous cycle influences on the frequency of flank-marking and vaginal marking were studied in female hamsters. Vaginal marking was more frequent in the presence of males orExpand
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Social and emotional messages of smiling: An ethological approach.
Did smiling evolve as an expression of happiness, friendliness, or both? Naturalistic observation at a bowling alley (N — 1,793 balls) shows that bowlers often smile when socially engaged, looking atExpand
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Individual recognition by use of odours in golden hamsters: the nature of individual representations
Although much is known about individual recognition, little is known about the representations that individual animals have of other individuals. We examined the nature of this knowledge in goldenExpand
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Scent counter marks: selective memory for the top scent by golden hamsters
Animals often scent mark where other conspecifics have marked, a pattern of behaviour called counter marking. Despite the generality of this behaviour, little is known about the functions orExpand
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Sexual attraction function of golden hamster vaginal secretion.
  • R. Johnston
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Behavioral biology
  • 1 September 1974
Male golden hamsters ( Mesocricetus auratus ) were tested in their home cages for attraction to various female hamster odors. An odor was presented inside one stimulus bottle while a second bottleExpand
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Golden hamsters are nocturnal in captivity but diurnal in nature
Daily activity rhythms are nearly universal among animals and their specific pattern is an adaptation of each species to its ecological niche. Owing to the extremely consistent nocturnal patterns ofExpand
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Golden hamsters recognize individuals, not just individual scents
Abstract Abstract. If animals actually recognize individuals as unique entities they should have integrated, multi-factor representations of these individuals. This hypothesis was tested forExpand
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The information in scent over-marks of golden hamsters
Abstract Abstract. Although scent over-marking is a commonly observed behaviour among mammals, it has received little experimental attention. With regard to individual signatures, there are threeExpand
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Hormonal and behavioral responses of male hamsters to females and female odors: Roles of olfaction, the vomeronasal system, and sexual experience
Removal of the vomeronasal organ eliminated androgen surges in male hamsters in response to female vaginal secretions in both sexually experienced and sexually naive males; lesions of the olfactoryExpand
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