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Revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health-care settings.
These recommendations for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing are intended for all health-care providers in the public and private sectors, including those working in hospital emergencyExpand
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Estimation of HIV incidence in the United States.
CONTEXT Incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States has not been directly measured. New assays that differentiate recent vs long-standing HIV infections allow improvedExpand
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A Comprehensive Immunization Strategy to Eliminate Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States
Hepatitis B vaccination is the most effective measure to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and its consequences, including cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death. InExpand
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Meta-Analysis of High-Risk Sexual Behavior in Persons Aware and Unaware They are Infected With HIV in the United States: Implications for HIV Prevention Programs
Objectives:To compare the prevalence of high-risk sexual behaviors in HIV+ persons aware of their serostatus with that in HIV+ persons unaware of their status in the United States and to discussExpand
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HIV Prevalence and Associated Risks in Young Men Who Have Sex With Men
ContextStudies conducted in the late 1980s on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among older men who have sex with men (MSM) suggested the epidemic had peaked; however, more recent studiesExpand
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Estimating sexual transmission of HIV from persons aware and unaware that they are infected with the virus in the USA
Background:New HIV infections stem from people who are aware they are HIV positive (approximately 75% of infected persons in the USA) and those who are unaware of their HIV-positive statusExpand
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The Serostatus Approach to Fighting the HIV Epidemic: prevention strategies for infected individuals.
In the United States, HIV prevention programs have historically tailored activities for specific groups primarily on the basis of behavioral risk factors and demographic characteristics. Through theExpand
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Seroprevalence of HIV and risk behaviors among young homosexual and bisexual men. The San Francisco/Berkeley Young Men's Survey.
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and risk behaviors among young homosexual and bisexual men sampled from public venues in San Francisco andExpand
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New testing strategy to detect early HIV-1 infection for use in incidence estimates and for clinical and prevention purposes.
CONTEXT Differentiating individuals with early human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection from those infected for longer periods is difficult but important for estimating HIV incidence and forExpand
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Nationwide survey of HTLV‐I–associated myelopathy in Japan: Association with blood transfusion
To study the epidemiology of human T‐cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV‐I)–associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) in Japan, we conducted two nationwide surveys between OctoberExpand
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