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Community Structure and Crime: Testing Social-Disorganization Theory
Shaw and McKay's influential theory of community social disorganization has never been directly tested. To address this, a community-level theory that builds on Shaw and McKay's original model isExpand
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Systematic Social Observation of Public Spaces: A New Look at Disorder in Urban Neighborhoods1
This article assesses the sources and consequences of public disorder. Based on the videotaping and systematic rating of more than 23,000 street segments in Chicago, highly reliable scales of socialExpand
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Beyond Social Capital: Spatial Dynamics of Collective Efficacy for Children
We propose a theoretical framework on the structural sources and spatially embedded nature of three mechanisms that produce collective efficacy for children. Using survey data collected in 1995 fromExpand
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Seeing Disorder: Neighborhood Stigma and the Social Construction of “Broken Windows”
This article reveals the grounds on which individuals form perceptions of disorder. Integrating ideas about implicit bias and statistical discrimination with a theoretical framework on neighborhoodExpand
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Legal Cynicism and (Subcultural?) Tolerance of Deviance: The Neighborhood Context of Racial Differences
We advance here a neighborhood-level perspective on racial differences in legal cynicism, dissatisfaction with police, and the tolerance of various forms of deviance. Our basic premise is thatExpand
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The Effects of Neighborhood Disadvantage on Adolescent Development
A conceptual framework for studying emerging neighborhood effects on individual development is presented, identifying specific mechanisms and processes by which neighborhood disadvantage influencesExpand
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Linking the Micro- and Macrolevel Dimensions of Community Social Organization
This study evaluates a multilevel theory of community social organization and its structural antecedents. The main hypothesis derived from a systemic conceptualization of community is that the effectExpand
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Great American City: Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect
For over fifty years numerous public intellectuals and social theorists have insisted that community is dead. Some would have us believe that we act solely as individuals choosing our own fatesExpand
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Collective Regulation of Adolescent Misbehavior
This study tested a neighborhood-level approach to what often is treated as a purely familial or within-household phenomenon-the infonmal social control of children. The data analyzed were drawn fromExpand
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Neighborhood and Crime: The Structural Determinants of Personal Victimization
This study examines the effects of neighborhood characteristics on rates of personal criminal victimization (rape, robbery, assault, and larceny). The data base is taken from the National CrimeExpand
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