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Clarifying confusion: the confusion assessment method. A new method for detection of delirium.
- S. Inouye, C. V. van Dyck, C. Alessi, S. Balkin, A. Siegal, R. Horwitz
- Medicine, PsychologyAnnals of internal medicine
- 15 December 1990
The CAM is sensitive, specific, reliable, and easy to use for identification of delirium and was shown to have convergent agreement with four other mental status tests, including the Mini-Mental State Examination.
A multifactorial intervention to reduce the risk of falling among elderly people living in the community.
The multiple-risk-factor intervention strategy resulted in a significant reduction in the risk of falling among elderly persons in the community and among persons who had the targeted risk factors for falling, as compared with the control group.
Randomized, controlled trials, observational studies, and the hierarchy of research designs.
The results of well-designed observational studies (with either a cohort or a case-control design) do not systematically overestimate the magnitude of the effects of treatment as compared with those in randomized, controlled trials on the same topic.
Price of adaptation--allostatic load and its health consequences. MacArthur studies of successful aging.
- T. Seeman, B. Singer, J. Rowe, R. Horwitz, B. McEwen
- MedicineArchives of internal medicine
- 27 October 1997
An operational definition of allostatic load is presented, along with preliminary evidence of its predictive validity in relation to salient outcomes of aging, to provide the basis for a more comprehensive assessment of major risks in the aging process.
The effect of acute renal failure on mortality. A cohort analysis.
Renal failure appears to increase the risk of developing severe nonrenal complications that lead to death and should not be regarded as a treatable complication of serious illness.
The planning of observational studies of human populations
- R. Horwitz
A Predictive Model for Delirium in Hospitalized Elderly Medical Patients Based on Admission Characteristics
- S. Inouye, C. Viscoli, R. Horwitz, L. Hurst, M. Tinetti
- Medicine, PsychologyAnnals of Internal Medicine
- 15 September 1993
The focus of this study was to better define host or baseline vulnerability factors that would assist clinicians in identifying, at admission, those patients with a high risk for developing delirium during hospitalization.
Predictors of readmission among elderly survivors of admission with heart failure.
Emotional support and survival after myocardial infarction. A prospective, population-based study of the elderly.
When emotional support was assessed before myocardial infarction, it was independently related to risk for death in the subsequent 6 months, and lack of emotionalSupport was significantly associated with 6-month mortality.
Risk factors for reported elder abuse and neglect: a nine-year observational cohort study.
Age, race, poverty, functional disability, and cognitive impairment were identified as risk factors for reported elder mistreatment and the onset of new cognitive impairment was also associated with elder abuse and neglect.