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The Human Fossil Record
Brain Endocasts is the only comprehensive, single-volume work dealing exclusively and uniformly with fossil hominid brain endocasts, and a concise summary shows how these fossil records contribute to the authors' understanding of human evolution and behavior.
On the phylogenetic position of the pre-Neandertal specimen from Reilingen, Germany.
The morphology and cephalometric analysis support the assignment of this specimen to a Stage 2 "pre-Neandertal" group (e.g., Steinheim, Swanscombe, and Atapuerca [SH site]).
The Skull Of Australopithecus Afarensis
This study focuses on the recovery and reconstruction of the skull of A.L. 444-2 of Australopithecus afarensis and its implications for the taxonomic and Phylogenetic status of the species.
Brain endocasts - the paleoneurological evidence
The results show clear trends in the evolution of brain endocast volume and Morphometric Analyses over time, and these trends are likely to continue to improve over the course of the next decade.
Sexual dimorphism in the human corpus callosum.
Preliminary observations suggest a sex difference in the shape and surface area of the human corpus callosum, and this finding could be related to possible gender differences in the degree of lateralization for visuospatial functions.
Asymmetry of chimpanzee planum temporale: humanlike pattern of Wernicke's brain language area homolog.
The anatomic pattern and left hemisphere size predominance of the planum temporale, a language area of the human brain, are also present in chimpanzees, indicating that anatomic hemispheric asymmetry of this cerebrocortical site is clearly not unique to humans, as currently thought.
Sexual dimorphism of the human corpus callosum from three independent samples: relative size of the corpus callosum.
Three independent autopsy samples of brains without apparent neuropathology were studied to ascertain whether there was sexual dimorphism in the human corpus callosum (CC), and the CC is the only structure to show a larger set of relative measures in females.
Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the first European modern humans
Manot 1 is the only modern human specimen to provide evidence that during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic interface, both modern humans and Neanderthal contemporaneously inhabited the southern Levant, close in time to the likely interbreeding event with Neanderthals.
Culture: A Human Domain
It is argued that a number of recent writings based on primate studies and on analysis of early hominid evolution have blurred certain central issues regarding human and non-human primate behavior.
Volumetric and asymmetry determinations on recent hominid endocasts: Spy I and II, Djebel Ihroud I, and the Sale Homo erectus specimens, with some notes on Neanderthal brain size.
  • R. Holloway,
  • Biology
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1 July 1981
While there are no remarkable gyral and sulcal patterns one can delineate, the brain endocasts do show evidence of left-occipital, right-frontal petalias, suggesting right-handedness, and possibly human cognitive specialization, involving symbol processing and visuospatial integration.