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New Zealand's pre-human avifauna and its vulnerability
In the past 1000 years New Zealand has experienced a major 'extinction event', losing 40-50% of the avifauna, at least 50% of the frog fauna, and unknown proportions of the lizard and invertebrateExpand
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The half-life of DNA in bone: measuring decay kinetics in 158 dated fossils
Claims of extreme survival of DNA have emphasized the need for reliable models of DNA degradation through time. By analysing mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 158 radiocarbon-dated bones of the extinctExpand
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The evolutionary history of the extinct ratite moa and New Zealand Neogene paleogeography
The ratite moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) were a speciose group of massive graviportal avian herbivores that dominated the New Zealand (NZ) ecosystem until their extinction ≈600 years ago. TheExpand
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A working list of breeding bird species of the New Zealand region at first human contact
Abstract We present an annotated working list of the bird species breeding in New Zealand during the late Pleistocene and Holocene, up to the time of human contact. New Zealand is defined asExpand
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Introduced Predators and Avifaunal Extinction in New Zealand
At 270,000 km2, New Zealand is one-thirtieth the area of Australia, one-third that of Madagascar, twice that of Cuba, and comparable in area to the British Isles, to the Philippines, and within theExpand
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Rapid extinction of the moas (Aves: Dinornithiformes): model, test, and implications.
A Leslie matrix population model supported by carbon-14 dating of early occupation layers lacking moa remains suggests that human hunting and habitat destruction drove the 11 species of moa toExpand
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Ancient DNA Provides New Insights into the Evolutionary History of New Zealand's Extinct Giant Eagle
Prior to human settlement 700 years ago New Zealand had no terrestrial mammals—apart from three species of bats—instead, approximately 250 avian species dominated the ecosystem. At the top of theExpand
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Arrival of rats in New Zealand
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Ancient DNA chronology within sediment deposits: are paleobiological reconstructions possible and is DNA leaching a factor?
In recent years, several studies have reported the successful extraction of ancient DNA (aDNA) from both frozen and nonfrozen sediments (even in the absence of macrofossils) in order to obtainExpand
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Extinct New Zealand megafauna were not in decline before human colonization
Significance In New Zealand, nine species of moa (large, wingless ratite birds) went extinct shortly after Polynesian settlement. In this study, we characterize the gene pools of four moa speciesExpand
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