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Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of bipolar spectrum disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey replication.
TLDR
This study presents the first prevalence estimates of the BPD spectrum in a probability sample of the United States, and finds subthreshold BPD is common, clinically significant, and underdetected in treatment settings. Expand
Development and validation of a screening instrument for bipolar spectrum disorder: the Mood Disorder Questionnaire.
TLDR
The Mood Disorder Questionnaire is a useful screening instrument for bipolar spectrum disorder in a psychiatric outpatient population and has good sensitivity and very good specificity. Expand
Prevalence and effects of mood disorders on work performance in a nationally representative sample of U.S. workers.
TLDR
Employer interest in workplace costs of mood disorders should be broadened beyond major depressive disorder to include bipolar disorder, and effectiveness trials are needed to study the return on employer investment of coordinated programs for workplace screening and treatment of bipolar disorder and major depressive Disorder. Expand
Perceptions and impact of bipolar disorder: how far have we really come? Results of the national depressive and manic-depressive association 2000 survey of individuals with bipolar disorder.
TLDR
Individuals with bipolar disorder reported that the illness manifests itself early in life but that accurate diagnosis lags by many years; the illness exacts great hardships on the individual and the family and has a profoundly negative effect on careers. Expand
A measure of interpersonal dependency.
TLDR
A new 48-item self-report inventory which assesses interpersonal dependency in adults was developed using a sample of 220 normals and 180 psychiatric patients and was cross-validated on two additional samples. Expand
Re-evaluating the prevalence of and diagnostic composition within the broad clinical spectrum of bipolar disorders.
TLDR
The present review did not consider cyclic, seasonal, irritable-dysphoric or otherwise impulse-ridden, intermittently explosive or agitated psychiatric conditions for which the bipolar connection is less established. Expand
Screening for bipolar disorder in the community.
TLDR
The positive MDQ screen rate of 3.7% suggests that nearly 4% of American adults may suffer from bipolar I and II disorders, and young adults and individuals with lower income are at greater risk for this largely underdiagnosed disorder. Expand
Validity of the mood disorder questionnaire: a general population study.
TLDR
The Mood Disorder Questionnaire is a useful screening instrument for bipolar I and II disorders in the community and its operating characteristics in the general population differ substantially from its characteristics in outpatient psychiatric settings. Expand
Time to recovery, chronicity, and levels of psychopathology in major depression. A 5-year prospective follow-up of 431 subjects.
TLDR
The course of illness of 431 subjects with major depression participating in the National Institute of Mental Health Collaborative Depression Study was prospectively observed for 5 years, and many subjects who did not recover continued in an episode that looked more like dysthymia than major depressive disorder. Expand
The National Depressive and Manic-depressive Association (DMDA) survey of bipolar members.
TLDR
The treatment of bipolar illness could be enhanced by public health efforts to promote early diagnosis and treatment; ensuring adequate trials of mood-stabilizers for patients with frequent recurrences; further research on bipolar disorder with prominent anxiety symptoms; and improved access to mental health care. Expand
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