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A conceptual model of how interdependent environmental factors shape regional-scale variation in local diversity in the deep sea is presented, showing how environmental gradients may form geographic patterns of diversity by influencing local processes such as predation, resource partitioning, competitive exclusion, and facilitation that determine species coexistence. Expand
The Desmosomatidae (Isopoda, Asellota) of the Gay Head-Bermuda Transect
Present information indicates that nearly all the genera in the family Desmosomatidae are cosmopolitan or will prove to be so, and Species, on the other hand, have limited distributions. Expand
Global-scale latitudinal patterns of species diversity in the deep-sea benthos
LATITUDINAL gradients of species diversity are ubiquitous features of terrestrial and coastal marine biotas, and they have inspired the development of theoretical ecology1–3. Since the discovery ofExpand
The composition and distribution of meiofauna and nanobiota in a central North Pacific deep-sea area
The relative numerical density of meiofauna and macrofauna at the site did not differ from that in a shallow-water site at Martha's Vineyard, but the relative biomass of the two faunal groups did differ, however, with dominance of macroFauna in shallow water and dominance of meiafauna in the deep sea. Expand
Faunal diversity in the deep-sea
Abstract Analysis of deep-sea benthic samples gathered with a new collecting device reveals a greater diversity (defined ab absolute number of species) of fauna in single environments than has everExpand
Chemical and biological interactions in the Rose Garden hydrothermal vent field, Galapagos spreading center
The concentrations of a suite of redox reactive chemicals were measured in the Rose Garden hydrothermal vent field of the Galapagos spreading center. Sulfide, silicate, oxygen and temperatureExpand
Role of biological disturbance in maintaining diversity in the deep sea
Abstract This paper presents the hypothesis that the maintenance of high species diversity in the deep sea is more a result of continued biological disturbance than of highly specialized competitiveExpand
Temporal change in megafauna at the Rose Garden hydrothermal vent (Galapagos Rift; eastern tropical Pacific)
Observations suggest that early stages in the cycle of Galapagos-type vent communities are likely to be dominated by vestimentiferans, but that bivalves will replace them with time. Expand
Microhabitat variation in the hydrothermal vent mussel, Bathymodiolus thermophilus, at the Rose Garden vent on the Galapagos Rift
It is concluded that the mussels are able to thrive over a wider range of conditions than either C. magnifica or R. pachypila and that this is due to a lesser reliance on their symbiotic bacteria as a source of nutrition. Expand