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Human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA).
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals: an Endocrine Society scientific statement.
The evidence that endocrine disruptors have effects on male and female reproduction, breast development and cancer, prostate cancer, neuroendocrinology, thyroid, metabolism and obesity, and cardiovascular endocrinology is presented.
Body mass index in relation to semen quality, sperm DNA integrity, and serum reproductive hormone levels among men attending an infertility clinic.
Variability of Urinary Phthalate Metabolite and Bisphenol A Concentrations before and during Pregnancy
Urinary phthalate metabolites and BPA concentrations were variable before and during pregnancy, but the magnitude of variability was biomarker specific.
PHTHALATES AND HUMAN HEALTH
The uses and metabolism of phthalates, and the studies on health effects ofphthalates in human populations published between 1973 and June 2005 are reviewed.
DNA damage in human sperm is related to urinary levels of phthalate monoester and oxidative metabolites.
Sperm DNA damage was associated with MEP and with MEHP after adjusting for DEHP oxidative metabolites, which may serve as phenotypic markers of DEHP metabolism to 'less toxic' metabolites.
Exposure to Bisphenol A and Other Phenols in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Premature Infants
The differences in exposure to BPA by intensity of use of DEHP-containing medical products highlight the need for further studies to determine the specific source(s) of exposure.
Characterization of Phthalate Exposure among Pregnant Women Assessed by Repeat Air and Urine Samples
Urinary concentrations of DEP and DEHP metabolites in pregnant women showed lower reproducibility than metabolites for di-n-butyl phthalate and BBzP, whereas urinary phthalates should be sampled longitudinally during pregnancy to minimize exposure misclassification.
Altered Semen Quality in Relation to Urinary Concentrations of Phthalate Monoester and Oxidative Metabolites
The present study confirms previous results on the relationship of altered semen quality with exposure to MBP at general population levels and includes measurements of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) oxidative metabolites.