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Bioethanol Production from Fermentable Sugar Juice
TLDR
This paper will investigate ethanol production from free sugar containing juices obtained from some energy crops such as sugarcane, sugar beet, and sweet sorghum that are the most attractive choice because of their cost-effectiveness and feasibility to use.
Eyespan reflects reproductive quality in wild stalk-eyed flies
TLDR
It is shown that eyespan is a generic correlate of reproductive quality, acting as a reliable mirror of variation in reproductive fitness in both sexes, and the covariance between female eyespan and reproductive output suggests that the former may be a reliable cue of quality in its own right.
Pollination systems in pioneer trees of the genus Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) in Malaysian rainforests
TLDR
A comparative study in the genus Macaranga in Sundaland revealed specific flower characteristics and uncommon brood-site pollination systems: enclosed inflorescence morphologies with narrow entrances strongly restrict the set of flower visitors in many species.
A review on hydraulic conductivity and compressibility of peat
This study reviews the results of several experimental and field investigations on the behavior of peat in hydraulic conductivity and compressibility. A study on the mechanical properties of peat is
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Coastal Sediment of Klang Strait, Malaysia: Distribution Pattern, Risk Assessment and Sources
TLDR
Investigation of surface sediments in the areas of anthropogenic pollution in the Klang Strait showed both pyrogenic and petrogenic sources are main sources of PAHs, with significant contribution from petroleum inputs.
Breaking the trade-off: rainforest bats maximize bandwidth and repetition rate of echolocation calls as they approach prey
TLDR
Southeast Asian rainforest bats (in the vespertilionid subfamilies Kerivoulinae and Murininae) are able to maintain high call bandwidths at very high repetition rates throughout approach to prey, suggesting that the extreme vocal performance of these bats evolved as an adaptation to echolocating and tracking arthropods in the dense rainforest understorey.
The triple alliance: how a plant-ant, living in an ant-plant, acquires the third partner, a scale insect
TLDR
The results obtained in this study show that although coccoids are not carried by foundresses, their numbers within founding chambers of Cladomyrma increased with the founding stage, and exclusion experiments suggest that foundresses of C. petalae are less successful in rearing their first offspring if entry of coccoid into founding chambers is prevented.
The Social Integration of a Myrmecophilous Spider Does Not Depend Exclusively on Chemical Mimicry
TLDR
The role of chemical mimicry is investigated in the myrmecophilous spider Gamasomorpha maschwitzi that co-occurs in the same host, Leptogenys distinguenda, as the silverfish, suggesting that the two myrm Cecophiles possess different adaptations to achieve social integration.
Utility of DNA barcoding for rapid and accurate assessment of bat diversity in Malaysia in the absence of formally described species.
TLDR
This study confirms the high diversity of bats within Peninsular Malaysia (9 species in 13 samples) and demonstrates how DNA barcoding allows for inventory and documentation of known taxa lacking formal taxonomic status.
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