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Source Apportionment of Atmospheric Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Collected from an Urban Location in Birmingham, U.K.
Intensive seasonal sampling campaigns were undertaken at an urban location in Birmingham, U.K., in which high-volume samplers were used to collect particulate- and vapor-phase polycyclic aromaticExpand
Sources and properties of non-exhaust particulate matter from road traffic: a review.
It is concluded that with the exception of brake dust particles which may be identified from their copper (Cu) and antimony (Sb) content, unequivocal identification of particles from other sources is likely to prove extremely difficult, either because of the lack of suitable tracer elements or compounds, or of the interactions between sources prior to the emission process. Expand
Carbonaceous aerosol in urban and rural European atmospheres: estimation of secondary organic carbon concentrations
Abstract Aerosol samples from urban, rural and coastal areas in Europe were analysed for carbonaceous content by a thermaloptical transmission method. The fraction of particulate organic carbon withExpand
A European aerosol phenomenology—1: physical characteristics of particulate matter at kerbside, urban, rural and background sites in Europe
This paper synthesizes data on aerosol (particulate matter, PM) physical characteristics, which were obtained in European aerosol research activities at free-troposphere, natural, rural, near-city,Expand
Source apportionment of particulate matter in Europe: A review of methods and results
European publications dealing with source apportionment (SA) of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) between 1987 and 2007 were reviewed in the present work, with a focus on methods and results. TheExpand
The effects of meteorological factors on atmospheric bioaerosol concentrations--a review.
Measurements of the concentrations of airborne material near dominant sources are reviewed for both area sources, and for point sources such as sewage and waste treatment works, agricultural practices, and diseased animals. Expand
Size distributions of trace metals in atmospheric aerosols in the United Kingdom
Abstract The size distributions of Ba, Cd, Co, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sn, Se, Sr, Zn and Fe in atmospheric aerosols were measured using impactors at three background sites in central England andExpand
Estimation of the contribution of road traffic emissions to particulate matter concentrations from field measurements: A review
Road traffic is one of the main sources of particulate matter in the atmosphere. Despite its importance, there are significant challenges in quantitative evaluation of its contribution to airborneExpand
Speciation and origin of PM10 and PM2.5 in selected European cities
Abstract PM characteristics of seven selected regions within the European Union (EU) were analysed and compared. Results of levels and speciation studies of PM10 and PM2.5 (with at least one year ofExpand