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Extinction risk from climate change
Climate change over the past ∼30 years has produced numerous shifts in the distributions and abundances of species and has been implicated in one species-level extinction. Using projections ofExpand
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Agricultural intensification and the collapse of Europe's farmland bird populations
The populations of farmland birds in Europe declined markedly during the last quarter of the 20th century, representing a severe threat to biodiversity. Here, we assess whether declines in theExpand
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Farming and the Fate of Wild Nature
World food demand is expected to more than double by 2050. Decisions about how to meet this challenge will have profound effects on wild species and habitats. We show that farming is already theExpand
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Economic Reasons for Conserving Wild Nature
On the eve of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, it is timely to assess progress over the 10 years since its predecessor in Rio de Janeiro. Loss and degradation of remaining naturalExpand
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Reconciling Food Production and Biodiversity Conservation: Land Sharing and Land Sparing Compared
Protecting the largest possible area of natural habitats while growing food on the smallest area can reconcile food production with conservation. The question of how to meet rising food demand at theExpand
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Large mammal population declines in Africa’s protected areas
Protected areas (PAs) are the cornerstone of global conservation efforts but their performance in maintaining populations of their key species remains poorly documented. Here, we address this gapExpand
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Diclofenac poisoning as a cause of vulture population declines across the Indian subcontinent
Summary 1 Rapid population declines of the vultures Gyps bengalensis, Gyps indicus and Gyps tenuirostris have recently been observed in India and Pakistan, continuing at least up to 2003. SurveysExpand
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Global mapping of ecosystem services and conservation priorities
Global efforts to conserve biodiversity have the potential to deliver economic benefits to people (i.e., “ecosystem services”). However, regions for which conservation benefits both biodiversity andExpand
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The Living Planet Index: using species population time series to track trends in biodiversity
The Living Planet Index was developed to measure the changing state of the world's biodiversity over time. It uses time-series data to calculate average rates of change in a large number ofExpand
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Monitoring change in biodiversity through composite indices
The need to monitor trends in biodiversity raises many technical issues. What are the features of a good biodiversity index? How should trends in abundance of individual species be estimated? HowExpand
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