• Publications
  • Influence
Patronage and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Brazil
  • R. Graham
  • History, Political Science
  • 1 August 1994
Focusing on the period from 1840 to 1889, the author explores the specific ways in which granting protection, official positions, and other favours in exchange for political and personal loyalty
Britain and the Onset of Modernization in Brazil 1850-1914
Introduction: Contrasting Societies: Britain and Brazil 1. The Onset of Modernization in Brazil 2. Coffee and Rails 3. The Export-Import Complex 4. The Urban Style 5. Britain and the
Scoping, options analysis and design of a ‘Climate Information and Services Programme’ for Africa (CIASA): literature review
The literature review found that the requirements of users of climate information are demanding relative to current levels of provider capacity in Africa and that the appropriate operational hardware and expertise, institutional linkages, data exchanges and institutional capacity require development to facilitate this synthesis and a reliable operational service.
Slavery and Economic Development: Brazil and the United States South in the Nineteenth Century
  • R. Graham
  • History, Economics
    Comparative Studies in Society and History
  • 1 October 1981
All history is comparative. The judgments historians make are derived from some explicit or implicit standard of comparison. Thus, when historians describe the antebellum South in the United States
Causes for the Abolition of Negro Slavery in Brazil: An Interpretive Essay
  • R. Graham
  • History, Political Science
  • 1 May 1966
ONE MAY EXAMINE the general histories of Brazil in vain in search of satisfactory explanations for the passage of the law in 1888 which freed three quarters of a million slaves, bringing ruin to many
The Investment Boom In British-Texan Cattle Companies 1880–1885
  • R. Graham
  • Economics
    Business History Review
  • 1 December 1960
Like most speculative extravaganzas, the Western cattle boom was compounded out of a bona fide opportunity, exaggeration, gullibility, inadequate communications, dishonesty, and incompetence. There