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Trends in opioid prescribing by race/ethnicity for patients seeking care in US emergency departments.
TLDR
Opioid prescribing for patients making a pain-related visit to the emergency department increased after national quality improvement initiatives in the late 1990s, but differences in opioid prescribing by race/ethnicity have not diminished.
National trends in ambulatory visits and antibiotic prescribing for skin and soft-tissue infections.
TLDR
The incidence of SSTIs has rapidly increased nationwide in the CA-MRSA era and appears to disproportionately affect certain populations and although physicians are beginning to modify antibiotic prescribing practices, opportunities for improvement exist, targeting physicians caring for patients who are at high risk.
Trends and characteristics of US emergency department visits, 1997-2007.
TLDR
Findings indicate that ED visit rates have increased from 1997 to 2007 and that EDs are increasingly serving as the safety net for medically underserved patients, particularly adults with Medicaid.
Antibiotic prescribing for children with colds, upper respiratory tract infections, and bronchitis.
TLDR
Antibiotic prescribing for children diagnosed as having colds, URIs, and bronchitis, conditions that typically do not benefit from antibiotics, represents a substantial proportion of total antibiotic prescriptions to children in the United States each year.
Principles of appropriate antibiotic use for acute pharyngitis in adults: background.
The following principles of appropriate antibiotic use for adults with acute pharyngitis apply to immunocompetent adults without complicated comorbid conditions, such as chronic lung or heart
Excessive antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections in the United States.
TLDR
The amount and cost of excessive antibiotic use for acute respiratory infections by primary care physicians are substantial and potential target rates for antibiotic treatment of selected conditions are established.
Antibiotic prescribing for adults with colds, upper respiratory tract infections, and bronchitis by ambulatory care physicians.
TLDR
Although antibiotics have little or no benefit for colds, upper respiratory tract infections, or bronchitis, these conditions account for a sizable proportion of total antibiotic prescriptions for adults by office-based physicians in the United States.
Uncomplicated Acute Bronchitis
TLDR
This paper provides a more expansive review of acute bronchitis in adults than do the Principles, which are intended primarily to be used as practice recommendations and discusses the impact of efforts to reduce prescription of antibiotics for this illness.
A cluster randomized trial of decision support strategies for reducing antibiotic use in acute bronchitis.
TLDR
Implementation of a decision support strategy for acute bronchitis can help reduce the overuse of antibiotics in primary care settings.
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